Department of Sociology > MPhil Courses

MPhil Courses

Structure of the M.Phil Program

The M.Phil Sociology Program will cater to the needs of the nation and fill the gap. The Program is significantly research-oriented. It is comprised of 24-credit hours course work and 26 credit hours dissertation writing. It has four semesters and two years duration. The QAU Islamabad rules and regulations will be followed for the admission and examination (as given in the Quaid-i-Azam University Calendar 2012 pages 243-244). The course distribution is as below:

Core Courses:                         12 Credit Hours

Optional Courses:                   12 Credit Hours

Dissertation and Viva:            26 Credit Hours

Duration:                                 Two years with four semesters

Admission criteria/

Entry requirements:                 16 years education (MA/ MSc/ BS Sociology) plus departmental

admission test and interview (70% for test and interview 30% Marks)

Semester 1Semester 2
Core courses: 2Core courses: 2
Optional courses: 2 Optional courses:2
Semester 3 and Semester 4
Fieldwork and Dissertation

S. No.Course CodeCourse TitleCredit Hours
1SOC-601Sociological Theory03
2SOC-602Sociological Research Methods03
3SOC-603Social Statistics03
4SOC-604Creative and Scientific Writing03
5SOC-605M.Phil Dissertation26

Details of M.Phil Sociology Core Courses

SOC- 601 Sociological Theory

Course Description:

This course will comprehend the student with the classical theories within the discipline of sociology. It will focus on the early development of sociological thought and likewise the developments made to the discipline of sociology at the advent of 17th century. It included Chicago School of thought, Frankfurt School of Thought and contribution of the contemporary sociologists. It will also present a snapshot of contemporary sociological theories including functionalism, structure functionalism, conflict, symbolic interactionism (rational choice theory, exchange theory), structure, culture and agency, feminist theory, critical race theory, post-structuralism and postmodern theory, queer theory. In this course, concentration on tensions that exist in contemporary sociological thought, such as those between structure and agency, micro- and macro- approaches to the social world, modernity and post modernity, and claims of Truth and epistemological relativism. The “contemporary” period refers to the period from WWII to today. The body of work that falls under this definition of contemporary social theory is characterized by fragmentation of social thought and lack of consensus about the nature and goals of social theory. Major thinkers will be introduced and students develop an understanding of how to relate theory to contemporary social experience via readings, lectures and exercises.

Course Content:

Introduction to the course, origin, history and development of sociological thought, what is Sociological Theory? How can Sociological Theory be understood?, Social Forces in the development of Sociological Theory Intellectual forces and the Rise of Sociological Theory, Theory and Knowledge production, Process of Theorizing, Parts of theorizing, Empirical data and theorizing,  Social Conditions and theorizing, Historical Development of Sociological Thought, Historical Development of Sociological Theory, a) the influence of Greek philosophy, Developments between 1600-1800 AD. Contribution of Muslim Thinkers in Sociological Theory, Ibn-e-Khaldun, Imam Ghazali, Shah Wali Ullah, Alama Muhammad Iqbal, Syed Qatab Shah, Structural Functionalism, Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Max Webber, Anthony Godden, Claude Levi-Strauss, Social System/ Structure-functionalism, Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Conflict Theory, Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx, Ralf Dahrendorf, Critical Conflict Theory, Thorstein Veblen, Frankfurt School, C.W. Mills. Symbolic Interactionism, George Herbert Mead, Harold Garfinkle, George C. Homans, Peter Blau, Martha C. Nussbaum, Niklas Luhman, Jrgen Habermas, Modernism and Post Modernism, Michael Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu, Randoll Collins, Ulrich Beck, Structure, culture and agency, Margret Archer, Critical Analysis


Barnes, Barry. 2013. Scientific knowledge and sociological theory. Vol. 2. Routledge.

Dubin, Robert.1978. Theory Building, New York: Maxwell, Mcmillan Pub. Int.

Durkheim, Emile. 1947. The Division of Labour in Society, Simpson, George, Glencoe, Ill.: The Free Press.

Durkheim, Emile, (latest edition). The Suicide, New York: Secitenez, Harper Bros.

George Ritzer. 2000. Sociological Theory. New York: McGraw-Hill

Goode, William J. 1973. Exploration in Social Theory, London: Oxford University Press.

Heine Andersen and Kaspersen, Lars Bo. 2000. Classical and Modern Social Theory. Oxford: Blackwell

Kenneth Alleen .2007. The Social Lens. London: Sage Publications

Kinloch, G.C. 1977. Sociological Theory: Its Development and Major Paradigms, New York:

McGraw Hill Book Co.

Parsons, Talcott. 1954. Essays in Sociological Theory. (Revised edition), Glencoe: The Free


Ritzer, George. 2008. Sociological theory. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.

Ross, H. Laurence. 1963. Perspectives on the Social Order, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.

Scott Appelrouth and Edles, Laura Desfor. 2007. Sociological theory in the Contemporary Era. London: Pine Forge Press.


SOC- 602        Social Research Methods

Course Description:

This course is divided into two parts: A part is based on the quantitative research methods and Part B is composed on the quantitative research approaches. In the part one, students will learn the different methods for the quantitative research within sociological research. By the completion of this course, students will be able to not only devise the research proposal but they will be able to comprehend the methods for research in sociology. The major objectives of this course shall be to enable the students to make best use of the available toolkit for sociological study. In part two, this course will be focusing on the qualitative approach of sociological research. The students will be able to understand the usage of qualitative research design for the research. Further, the course will be comprised of all possible tools and techniques which have been created for the qualitative research in contrast to or somehow in conjunction with the mainstream quantitative research.

Course Content:

Part -A: Quantitative Research Introduction, Research defined. Science, Scientific method of research, Value of research, Dimensions of Research: The purpose of a study; the uses of study, Time dimension,  Quantitative and qualitative research dimension, Review of literature, Purpose of the literature review, How to conduct systematic literature review? Ethical issues in research, Literature review and plagiarism, Theory and Research, What is theory and research? Relationship between theory and research, Concepts, variables, and relationship between variables, proposition, Theoretical framework, Sociological research question, objectives and justification of the research, Hypothesis, characteristics of a testable hypothesis, types of hypothesis, Research designs: Elements of research design, Universe, study sight, unit of analysis, Sample: Sampling types, techniques, and  selection of sampling frame and justification of the sampling, Types of quantitative research design: survey method, experimental design, existing statistical data, content analysis, Tools of data collection: Interview schedule, questionnaire, interview guide.  Guidelines for constructing the questions and pilot testing. Data management and handling, Dealing with data-coding, data entries in computer, cleaning, Data transformation: scoring and score index, frequency table (univariate table), cross-tabulation (bi-variate table), Data analysis: Use of descriptive and inferential statistics, use of software: SPSS, Strata, ANOVA, Interpreting the table and testing the hypothesis. Report writing format: thesis format, report format funded research, referencing: different formats and citations. Time management, Research proposal, the steps in research process, Measurement of concepts: theoretical and operational definitions, Dimensions, elements, questions/statements, Criteria for precise measurement: Validity, reliability, sensitivity.

Part-B: Qualitative Research Introduction to qualitative methods, Hermeneutics research, Strategies of qualitative inquiry, Ethnography, Ethnomethodology, Qualitative research techniques, Participation/ non-participation observation and unobtrusive research, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), Content Analysis, Case/ life study/ history, Grounded Theory, Tools for data collection: interview guide, check list, Research designs: Elements of research design, Universe, study sight, unit of analysis, Sample: Sampling types, techniques, and  selection of sampling frame and justification of the sampling, Types of quantitative research design: survey method, experimental design, existing statistical data, content analysis, Techniques for data analysis, Open, axial, selective coding, Computer for software for data analysis (MaxQDA and NVIVO), Validity, reliability and ethical concerns, references, time management, Theorizing process, Development of concepts, Themes, Theoretical proposition from the data, Hypothesis development and testing it, Report Writing, Referencing and bibliography, critical analysis.


Berg, B. L. 2007. Qualitative research methods for the social sciences. Boston: Person.

Creswell, John W., and Vicki L. Plano Clark. 2007. Designing and conducting mixed methods research.

Elliot, Jane. 2005. Using narrative in social research. London; Sage Publications.

Herr, Kathryn, and Gary L. Anderson. 2014. The action research dissertation: A guide for students and faculty. Sage Publications, 2014.

Neuman, W. Lawrence. 2011. Social Research Methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Sekaran, U.  (2004). Research Methods for Business. NewYork: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

SOC- 603       Social Statistics

Course Description:

This course aims to enhance the skills that are beneficial for conducting statistical analysis, interpreting data and answering research questions. The course intends to develop basic and advanced understanding of the application of statistics. The students will also be able to choose the appropriate analysis based on the type of data, data assumptions and the research. Students are required to well equipped with SPSS and other related software for analysis. This purpose of this course is also to introduce the basic concepts of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and to demonstrate basic application of SEM using Amos program. This course will also highlight particular features of AMOS that address the important caveats related to SEM Analysis.

Course Content:

Introduction to social statistics, Use of statistics in sociology, Quantitative research and statistics, Basic concepts: notation, measures of centrality and location mean, median and mode, percentiles, deciles and quartiles, measures of dispersion range, mean deviation, standard deviation, variance, quartile deviation, the normal distribution form of the normal curve, area under the normal curve, Scaling: Nominal, Ordinal and Interval scales, Presentation of data, Tabular Organization, Graphic Presentation, Sampling, Probability sampling and it types, Non- Probability sampling and its types, Testing of hypothesis, Single Sample Tests involving Means & Proportions, Two Sample Tests: difference of means and proportions, estimation point, interval estimation, confidence intervals and Test of Hypotheses, Non Parametric Tests Chi Square Test, Other Non-parametric Tests: The Sign Test, The Median Test, The Mann Whitney Test, Non parametric test, T, Z tests and their application, Correlation and Regression: Regression Analysis, Simple regression analysis, Multiple regression analysis, Person’s Correlation Coefficient, Rank Order Correlation, Partial and Multiple Correlation, The Analysis of Variance One Way Analysis of Variance, Two Way Analysis of Variance; Developing Life Table, Factor analysis, discriminate analysis, and cluster analysis, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), R Language, Structural Equation modeling, Basic concept. Basic SEM Model, The AMOS Program, The concept of Model Identification, Single- Group Analysis, Testing for factorial validity of a theoretical construct (first Order CFA model), Hypothesized model, Testing for factorial validity of scores from measuring Instrument ( First CFA Model), Testing for the validity of causal structure. Multiple – Groups analysis Testing for invariant Latent mean structure, Testing for Invariant pattern of causal structure.


Burt, R. T. 1999. Comprehending Behavioral Statistics, California: Wadsworth.

Barbara. M. Byrne. 2001. Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Gravetter, F. J. 2000. Essential of Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, California: Wadsworth.

Howell, D. 1999. Fundamental Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, California: Wadsworth.

Randall E. Schumacker, ‎Richard G. Lomax . 2012. A Beginner’s Guide to Structural Equation Modeling: Third edition. Routledge.

Weiss, N. A. 1995. Introductory Statistics, 4th Edition. Addison: Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.


SOC- 604       Creative and Scientific Writing

Course Description:

In social science, writing is the most important means of communicating research findings. In this course students will learn and practice writing in this scientific format and style. Students will also learn how to write their dissertation, research journal articles, book reviews and scientific communication.

Course Content:

Introduction  to creative and scientific writing, What is scientific writing, Fundamental genres of creative writing, Scientific writings, Principals of scientific and creative writings, Text composition, Opening text, Opening sentence, Opening paragraph, Summary of the theme, Cultivate the language and powers of analysis necessary for writing about their own work, Grammar, vocabulary and text structure, One go writing: themes development, Parts of the text, Parts of the paragraphs, Rhythm of the text structure and grammar and vocabulary, Networking of the themes, Exercises of the text writing, How to write an essay, How to write a short communication, How to summarize an article into one paragraph and one paragraph into a paragraph, Scientific writings, Application, Letter writing, Literature review writings, Systematic review writing, Historical Review writing, Methodological review writing, Theoretical review writing, Integrated review writings, Research article writing, Thesis/ dissertation writing, Book writings, Reference writing skills (styles according to APA/ASA/Chicago), How to write research proposal, Grant and concept paper writings, Report writings, Thesis evaluation report, Project report, Programs report, Seminars/ workshops and progress reports, Evaluation report, Critical analysis


Boden, Margaret A. 2004. The creative mind: Myths and mechanisms. Psychology Press.

Bolker, J. 1998. Writing Your Dissertation in Fifteen Minutes a Day: A Guide to Starting, Revising, and Finishing Your Doctoral Thesis. Owl Books

Dawson, Paul.2005. Creative writing and the new humanities. Psychology Press.

Day, Robert. A .1998. How to Write & Publish a Scientific Paper: 5th Edition. Oryx Press

Flaherty, Alice W.2005. The midnight disease: The drive to write, writer’s block, and the creative brain. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Silvia, Paul. J. 2007. How to Write a Lot: A Practical Guide to Productive Academic Writing. Amer Psychological Assn.

S. No.Course CodeCourse TitleCredit Hours
1.SOC-606Peace and Conflict Studies03
2.SOC-607Sociology of Migration03
3.SOC-608Sociology of Transportation and Road Safety03
4.SOC-609Sociology of Human Rights03
5.SOC-610Sociology of Population03
6.SOC-611Sociology of Urbanization03
7.SOC-612Sociology of Rural Development03
8.SOC-613Sociology of Mass Communication03
9.SOC-614Environmental Sociology03
10.SOC-615Social Stratification and Justice System03
11.SOC-616Penology and Re-socialization03
13.SOC-618Governance and Public Policy03
14.SOC-619Political Sociology03
15.SOC-620Project Development and Evaluation03
16.SOC-621Sociology of Corporate Social Responsibility03
17.SOC-622Social History03
18.SOC-623Medical Sociology and Public Health03
19.SOC- 624Socio-Economic and Environmental Impact Assessment03

Detail of Optional Courses of M.Phil Sociology

SOC- 606        Peace and Conflict Studies

Course Description:

Conflict and peace are essential part of human life. They are related to each other and understanding of these two concepts is necessary to establish peace, avoid war and deal with conflict in amicable way. Adopting a multidisciplinary approach, this course aims at presenting theoretical and practical issues relating to: conflicts, their sources, their underlying dynamics, their mechanisms and regulations.

The course is divided into three sections. The first section will present the major concepts, definitions and approaches on peace. The second section will deal with the causes and reasons that might trigger conflicts. The third section will focus on the crucial issue of the regulation of conflict and the curbing of violence, dwelling notably on the stakes of negotiation, peace operations, demobilization and state-building and the actors involved.

Course Content:

Introduction to the course, Defining peace, Concept of Sociology of peace and conflict, Peace history, Contemporary cultures of peace, Possibilities of practicing peace in times of war, oppression, Rising intolerance, conflict and fundamentalism and peace studies, Epistemological, cultural violence, Ecological, economic and psychological violence, Violent communication and verbal aggression, Peace scope and dimensions,  individual, family, local/communal peace, National, international, global peace, Historical background of conflict,            Causes of conflict, Types of conflict, Classification of conflict, Dynamics of conflict,  Stages of conflict, Conflict cycle, Conflict and violence and a typology of peace and violence, War and violence. Conflict theories, Conflict theories and sociological perspective: Karl Marx, Turner and Dahrendorf, Pluralist perspective of conflict, Structural functional theory, The Theory of structural balance, Assumption on ethnicity and conflict, Assumption on culture and conflict,  Cognitive frameworks in understanding conflict and violence, Terrorism and genocide,  Sociology of terrorism and genocide, Sociology of terrorism, Perspectives on the holocaust and genocide, Inequality and conflict, Gender and conflict, Ethnic and racial conflict resolution,  Peace as a process: Peace-keeping, Peace-making, Peace-Building, Peace-building: concepts evolution of peace-building UN Charter, Peace building designs, Peace building models, Pyramid analysis, Conflict Intervention model, Peace-building: patterns, Rehabilitation of war victims, Reconstruction of war-torn areas, Restoration of state institutions, Peace-building: Trends in post-9/1 world, Negotiation, Types of negotiation, Strategies: conciliation, mediation, arbitration, judicial Settlement or legal method of dispute resolution (litigation), Nonviolence and popular Movements: nonviolence and the ethics of social action, Nonviolent Strategies and Conflict Transformation, Building cultures of peace, Peace rhetoric: Literature and media, Peacemakers: Nobel Peace Laureates, Military institutions and war: Military sociology, The military and society, War and the military, Civil-Military relations, cinematic images of war and the military, Conflict Transformation, Conceptual overview of conflict transformation, Types of transformation, Rule Transformation, Structural transformation, Actor transformation, Personal and group transformation, Conflict analysis: meaning/ definition of conflict, Categories of stakeholders, Criteria from determining, Primary stakeholders, Pre-Intervention, Conflict mapping and tracking, Conventions for mapping, Conflict analytical tools, Peace education: Philosophical foundations, Ethical approaches , Peace education, The Role of peace educators, Methods of achieving post-conflict sustainable, Peace Futures – imagining a world without war and violent conflict


Charles Webel and Johan Galtung. 2007. Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies: New York.

Creighton, Colin; Shaw, Martin.1987. Sociology of War and Peace, Macmillan Press Ltd, London.

Hans Gunter Brauch; Ursula Oswald; Keith G Tidball .2014. Expanding Peace Ecology: Peace,

Security, Sustainability, Equity and Gender , Environmental Policy; Environmental Law; Environmental Sciences, Springer .

Ghazi Bin Muḥammad. 2013. War and Peace in Islam, Cambridge University Press, New York.

Matyok, Thomas and Jessica Senehi. 2011. Critical Issues in Peace and Conflict Studies; Sean

Byrne , Peace; War-Research; Peace and Conflict Studies, Lexington Book , D C health and Company, Washington.

McLaughlin, Greg and  Stephen Baker.2010. The Propaganda of Peace: Northern Ireland-

Politics and Government-1994; Peace Movements-Northern Ireland.

Segal, Mady W. 2001. “Military Sociology: Some of the Topics Military Sociologists Study.”

Wallensteen, P, Understanding Conflict Resolution: War, Peace and the Global System, London: SAGE, 2007.

Webel, Charles,  Johansen, Jorgen. 2013. Peace and Conflict Studies: Peace,  Conflict

Management, Conflict Studies, Routledge Publication.


SOC- 607        Sociology of Migration

Course Description:

This course will discuss the main concepts and typologies used migration studies. Further, it will deeply explore the major theories of migration. Recognizing the sensitivity about migration at this time, the course gives special attention to the diversity of perspectives contributing to the polemical discourse across the globe. It considers migration in terms of gender, race, and the state and it look at the role of undocumented migration in contemporary society. Moving towards a consideration of involuntary migration, the course will consider human smuggling and trafficking, the legal protection of and humanitarian assistance to refugees, and displacement in a variety of contexts.

Course Content:

Migration: a sociological problem, Typologies, Types of Migration of the Population, According to the Professional and Social Composition of Migrants, A General Typology of Migration, Migration, immigration and emigration, Emigration myth and reality, Immigration, philosophy and reality, The problem in various countries, Participation of migrants in urban structures, Distance of Migration and Socio-Economic Status of Migrants, Approaches to study International Migration, Theories of international migration, a review and appraisal, International migration, who, where and why, international migration report (latest), History and origins of contemporary migration, The emergence of immigrant states; Post-WW-II labor migration, The evolution of international refuges, Policymaking and politics, Making and implementing immigration policy, Economic considerations, Demographic challenges, The politics of resettlement, Incorporating Immigrants, Emigration dynamics in the developing world, Emigration from the south Asia, Gulf region and labor migration, Developed world and immigration, Immigration to Europe, Immigration to North America, Immigration to Australia, Emigration from Pakistan, Critical evaluation, Conclusion


Appleyard, R. 1998. Emigration Dynamics in Developing Countries (Vol. II South Asia). Aldershot: Ashgate.

Clifford J. Jansen and A. H. Richmond.1970. Readings in the Sociology of Migration: A volume in The Commonwealth and International Library: Readings in Sociology. Oxford: Pergamon Press Ltd.

Cohen, R. 1995. Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Reprinted in paperback in 2010.

Cohen, R.1996. The Sociology of Migration, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Cohen, R. 1996. Theories of Migration, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Messina A. M. and Lahav, G. 2006. The Migration Reader: Exploring Politics and Policies. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.


SOC- 608        Sociology of Transportation and Road Safety

Course Description:

Road safety and transportation is an important social problem of Pakistan. Undisciplined traffic cost human deaths and billions rupees every year in Pakistan. The student of sociology will understand the dynamics and mechanism of the road safety in the first world and how this mechanism is lacking in the third world. The course will also address the mass transportation plans which not only ensure road safety but also reduce environmental degradation. It will discuss the theoretical and methodological problems of the road safety in Pakistan.

Course Content:

Sociology of road safety, Use of indicators, Use of traffic signals, Use of helmet, Use of seat belt, Tolerance and traffic behavior, Road safety, human behavior, People response to machinery, Use of traffic and human behavior, Road accidents and their relation with mechanical or behavioral problems, Precautionary measures to avoid accident, Road vigilance, First aid, People’s behavior towards road crashes, Rules, regulation regarding driving and human behavior, Traffic rules and regulations, Licensing behavior, Road planning, development and road safety, Construction of roads, Construction politics, Resources and road construction, Transportation: mass transit, mega cities and road safety, Urban/ rapid transport, Metro bus, Metro train, Sub-highways, City ships, Government policy towards transports, Safety and transportation, Use of private vehicles, Heavy taxes, Parking, Comparison of the first, second and third world in road safety, Transport in the First world, Transport in the second world, Transport in the third world, Developed world and road behavior, Developing countries and road behavior, A comparative analysis of Pakistan and the West, Theoretical interpretations, Cultural lag, Cultural and social diffusion of technology, Modernization, Underdevelopment, Risk society, critical analysis, conclusion


Dewar, Robert E., and Paul L. Olson .2007. Human factors in traffic safety. Lawyers & Judges Publishing Company.

Dumbaugh, Eric, and J. L. Gattis. 2005. Safe streets, livable streets. Journal of the American Planning Association 71(3): 283-300.

Elvik, Rune, et al., eds. 2009. The handbook of road safety measures. Emerald Group Publishing.

Evans, Leonard. 1985. Human behavior feedback and traffic safety. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 27(5): 555-576.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2008. Towards Zero: Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe System Approach. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Shinar, David. 2007. Traffic safety and human behavior. Vol. 5620. Elsevier.

Summala, Heikki. 1996. Accident risk and driver behavior. Safety Science 22(1): 103-117.


SOC- 609 Sociology of Human Rights

Course Description:

This course aims at to give a comprehensive overview of the issues, debates, constructions and contentions on human rights in the social sciences and philosophy, law, policy and governance, civil society and interest groups and society in general. Socializing human rights is new in the international academics. Themes and perspectives from the classical and contemporary traditions of social theory, philosophy and art have been under debate for decades.

Course Content:

Introduction, origin, history, Sociology and Human Rights: Resituating the discipline, Fundamental principles of human rights, Sociology and human rights, Conceptual Framework of Human Rights, Theories of Human Rights, Classification of human rights, Collective rights, Ethnic minority rights, Fundamental rights and human rights, Magna carta and bill of rights, What are the universal human rights, Ensuring socio-economic, Political rights,  Human rights and culture, UN Convention on Human Rights, Child rights, Understanding the international child rights, UNCRC, National child rights framework, Women rights, CEDAW, Globalizing the human rights perspective, Human rights and developing countries, Human rights and socialism,  Human rights in the first world, Citizenship, identity and human rights, Vulnerability and the human rights,  Legal and moral basis of human rights in religions, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Selected human rights problems, Privacy, Prisoners’ rights, Labor rights, Intellectual property rights, theories of human rights, critical analysis, conclusion


Adamantia Pollis and Peter Schwab. 1990. Human Rights: Cultural and Ideological Perspectives. London: Preager Publishers, Special Studies

Antonio, Cassese. 1990. Human Rights in the Changing World. Policy Press.

Attracta, Ingram .1994. A Political Theory of Rights. New York: Clarendon P. Press, Oxford.

Bhalla S.C. 1991. An Institutional Framework for Implementation.

David L. Brunsma, Keri E. Iyall Smith & Brian K. Gran. 2013. Handbook of Sociology and

Human Rights. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

David Louis Gingranelli.1988. Human Rights Theory and Measurement. Machmillan Press, Policy Study Organization.

Edward, Lauson.1998. Encyclopedia of Human Rights 2nd ed. Tylor and Francis Publishers.

Enejiofor, Gavie.1964. Protection of Human Rights under the Law. London: Butterwoths.

Forysthe, David B. 1982. Human Rights and development. London: Macmillan.

Haider, S.M. 1978. Islamic Concept of Human Rights. Lahore: Book House.

Judith Blau & Frezzo, M. 2012. Sociology and Human Rights: A Bill of Rights for the Twenty-First Century. Los Angeles: Sage Publication Inc.

Khurshid Ahmed and Ahmed Said Khan. 1976. Human rights in Islam (translations). Islamic Foundation.

Robertson, A.H, J.G. Merrils. 1989. Human Rights in the World. Manchester University Press.


SOC- 610 Sociology of Population

Course Description:

This course will provide the students with the definitions of essential components of social demography as well as will establish its relationship with disciplines such as, population studies, demography and sociology. It will explore the core domains of population studies including fertility, mortality and migration. The students will also learn the various sources of demographic data: census, registration, surveys. It will also capacitate about the theoretical and methodological debates of population, demographic and its variable, mapping and new trends of the population pyramids.

Course Content:

Introduction, origin, history and development of population studies, Study of Demography, Why study demography? Sources of demographic data, Which uses population data? Where to find published information on population? Historical perspective, 20th century population growth in developed and developing countries: causes and consequences, Geographic distribution of the world population, Growth rates: methods, estimation and projections, Pre-independence and post-independence population growth patterns in Pakistan, Demographic Perspectives, Pre-modern Population Doctrines, Malthusian Perspective, Marxian Perspective, Other Early Modern Population Theories, The Theories of Demographic Transition, The Theory of Change and Response, The Theory of Relative Income , The Fertility Transition, What is fertility, Measuring Fertility, The Preconditions for a Decline in Fertility, How can Fertility be Controlled, Proximate Determinants of Fertility, Explanations for High Fertility, Motivations for Lower Fertility Levels, Regional Differences in the Fertility Transition, The Mortality Transition, What is Mortality, Life Span and Longevity, Age and Sex Patterns of Mortality, Causes of Death, Measuring Mortality, The Mortality/Epidemiological Transition, The Migration Transition, Defining Migration, Measuring migration, Migration Transition within Countries, Migration Between Countries, International Migration, Forced Migration, Theories of migration, William Peterson’s typology, Evert S. Lee’s theory of migration, World pattern, Internal and international migration, Migration and economic development, The case of Pakistan: Post-independence levels and trends,  Population Structure and Characteristics, Age and Sex Structure, What is an age/ Sex Structure, Impact of Population Processes on the Age/Sex Structure, Impact of Age Structure on Population Process, The Dynamics of Age/Sex Structure, Population Growth and Urbanization, What is Urban, An Overview of Urbanization, The Proximate Determinants of Urban Transition, The Urban Transition in the Context of Demographic Transition, The Urban Evolution that Accompanied the Urban Transition, Cities and Sustainable Environment, Population growth and the environment, Economic Development, the Use and Abuse of Resources, How is Population Related to Economic Development, The Bottom Line for the Future: Can Billions More People Be Fed? By-Products of Development, Degradation of Environment, Sustainable Development: Possibility or Oxymoron? Population Growth, Population growth, Women and the family, Population growth and aging, Population growth and food, Population policies, Population politics, Population Planning, The case of Pakistan and response, Other social and economic related modern theories, critical thinking, conclusion.


Caldwell, John C. 1982. Theory of Fertility Decline. Sydney: Academic Press.

Dudley L. Poston, Michael Micklin. 2006. Handbook of Population. Springer.

Lee, Everett S. 1966. A Theory of Migration. Demography, 3(1): 47-57.

Peterson, William.1958. A General Typology of Migration. American Sociology Review, 23(3): 256-266.

Taylor, J. Edward. 2006. International Migration and Economic Development. International Symposium on International Migration and Development, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat Turin, Italy. Pp. 1-28.

Weeks, John R.198. Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues, Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. (Fourth Edition).

Weeks, John R. 2005. Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues, Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.


SOC- 611 Sociology of Urbanization

Course Description:

This course is designed to be a general introduction to the field of urban sociology.  It covers a range of topics and readings regarding sociological development of modern cities and the impact of urbanization and urban problems on individuals, groups, and neighborhood and community formation.  Students will achieve an overview of developments in urban theory and the history of urbanization.  Urban trends within the developed and developing world and special focus will be on Pakistan. It will also discuss the models of urban development, slums and urban neighborhoods.

Course Content:

Introduction to urban sociology, origin, history and development of urban studies, Population growth and Urbanization towns, Development and process of urbanization, Village, Town, City, Metropolis and metropolitan cities, Urban Patterns, Metropolitan statistical area (MSA), Edge city, Gentrification,  Suburbanization and suburbs, Urbanization, History, Population explosion, Migration, Models of urbanization, Concentric zone model, Sector model, Multiple-Nuclei model, Peripheral model, Critique of urban models, Urban life, Alienation, Community in the city, Residents of the city, Cosmopolites, Singles, Ethnic villagers, Deprived, Trapped, Urban Theory I: Urban culture and the “community” problematic, race, ethnicity and Gender in cities. Urban theory II: urban ecology and political economy, theories. Urban change I, Urban change II: New approaches.  Politics and the City, urban political powers, political economy of place, Urban sustainability, cities in the world system, third world urbanization, Social Problems and Social policy of urbanization, Social Ties and Community, Sociology of housing, slums and urbanization, Public policy and urbanization, Disinvestment and Deindustrialization, Potential of Urban Revitalization, theories of urbanization, critical analysis, Urbanization in Pakistan: A case study, Conclusion


Amitabh Kundu. 2000. Inequality, Mobility and Urbanisation: China & India. New Delhi: Indian Council of Social Science Research and Manak Publications.

Anderson, Elijah.2011. The Cosmopolitan Canopy: Race and Civility in everyday life. New York: Norton.

Giddens, Anthony. 1993. Sociology, Polity Press, Oxford, 2nd Edition.

Gold, Harry. 1982. Sociology of Urban Life, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Gottdiener, M. and Leslie Budd. 2005. Key Concepts in Urban Studies. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Kundu, Singh & Shivaramkrishna (ed.) 2005. Oxford Handbook of Urbanisation in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Saunders, Peter.1981. Social Theory and the Urban Question. London: Hutchinson.


SOC- 612        Sociology of Rural Development

Course Description:

Students will learn rural sociology concepts and methods. Representations of “rural” versus “urban” actors, “local” versus “global” communities will be critically discussed. Theoretical insights on modernization, rural development and conservation will help understanding social and cultural interactions shaping places and contested meanings, territorial identities and landscapes. Sociological methods will be presented and practiced, building on the cases studies.

Course Content:

Nature, definition, scope and significance of rural sociology, Origin of agriculture, Peasant farming, Domestic commodity production, Rural urban differences, Democratic decentralization and rural development, Power structure and Punchiat system, Cast system is rural society, Feudalism in rural Pakistan, Family and marriage structure in rural family, Religion and rural society, Rural problems, poverty, unemployment, bounded labor, Downgraded labor: women and farm workers in rural communities Urbanization, Rural social change, Factors of rural social change, Rural social change with reference to caste and gender, Modernization, Sources of rural social change, Sociological barriers to rural social change, Social stratification, Role of rural Pakistani women in rural development, Patriarchy and rural societies, The origin of patriarchy, Theories, and its persistence in rural societies, Development of the rural areas of Pakistan


Duncan, Cynthia. 1999  Worlds Apart. Yale University Press.

Han, Dongping. The Unknown Cultural Revolution: Educational Reforms and Their Impact on China’s Rural Development. East Asia: History, Politics, Sociology, Culture. Taylor & Francis Group. Florence.

Peet, Richard. 1999. Theories of Development. Guilford Press.

Rank, Mark. 2004. One Nation, Underprivileged. Oxford University Press

Schiller, Bradley R. 200. The Economics of Poverty and Discrimination. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.


SOC- 613   Sociology of Mass Communication

Course Description:

The aim of Sociology of Mass Communication is to examine the relationship between the Mass Media institution and social structure. It pays detailed and specific attention to the concepts of sociology; society and culture; impact of the mass media on the society; knowledge of the mass media and its relationship with major social institutions. It will also discuss the theories of mass media, media consumption, rational choice, mediatization.

Course Content:

Introduction, history and origin, An overview of the sociology of mass communication, Meaning of mass sociology, Sociological perspective of mass sociology, Mass media and sociology, Sociology of mass communication, Mass media audiences, Media and social influence, Mass media and society, Relationship between media and society, Theories of press, Functions of the mass media, Media industry and social structures, Ownership and control, Political economy of the media, Media ownership, Media and the state-control of the media, Concept of press freedom, Press censorship, Cultural imperialism and media independence, Media as a social agent, Media and political subject, Mass media function, Media and Social Inequality, Race, Gender and Class, Media and Audience, Mediation and New Technology, Media as an institution in globalization, Theories of mass communication, Theories of press, Theories of rational choice, Theories of mass consumption, Theories of globalization and cultural imperialism, Critical evaluation, Conclusion


Akinfeleye, R. A. 2005. Mass Media and Society: A Multi-Perspective Approach. Lagos: Integrity Press.

Cristobd A., Landregan, J., Navia, P. and Vial, J. 2006. Political Institutions, Policy making Processes and Policy Outcomes in Chile. Washington: New Inter-American Development Bank.

Daramola, I. 2005. Mass Media and Society. Lagos: Rothan Press

O’shaughnessy, Michael, and Jane Stadler.2012. Media and society. Oxford University Press.

Rafiu, G.2003. Mass Media and Society: Issues and Perspective. Abeokuta: Meek Associate.

Rodman, G. 2006. Mass Media in a Changing World. New York: McGraw Hill.

Watson, J. 2003. Media Communication: An Introduction to Theory and Process. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


SOC- 614        Environmental Sociology

Course Description: 

This course is design to study human and environmental relationships. It will discuss the human behavior towards the natural environment and how society make social environment pleasant for its member. This will focus on the human behavior towards the solid waste management, segregation, disposal and recycling. The course will also emphasize on the state policies towards the carbon emission, forestation and people perception towards the deforestation. It will also discuss the new technological development related to promote sustainable environment. Theoretical and methodological debates of environmental sociology will also be part of the course.

Course Content:

Introduction, history, Human and environment, social ecology and natural ecology, Human behavior towards environment,  Environmental problems, Solid waste management, segregation, disposal and recycling, Eco-sabotage, Acid rain, Greenhouse effect, Fossil fuels and global warming, Energy shortage and multinational corporations, Environmental injustice, sustainable environment, People behavior towards forestation and deforestation, environmental degradation, water wastage, sanitation, Religion and ecology, State and government of carbon emission, climate change, Theoretical interpretation of environmental sociology, Evolutionary theories, Multilinear theories, Cyclical, Environmental degradation theories: risk society, Sustainable development and social development, Environmental conservation, Environmental conservation in the industrialized world, Third world, Socialist societies and environment, Environmental movement, Technology and the environment: The goal of harmony, Theories of environmental sociology, critical analysis, A case study of Pakistan and its relation with the developing and developed world, Conclusion


Barbosa, Luiz C.2009. “Theories in environmental sociology.” Twenty lessons in environmental sociology. 28.

Bell, Michael Mayerfeld, and Loka L. Ashwood. 2015. An invitation to environmental sociology. Sage Publications.

Brown, Janet W., Pamela S. Chasek, and Gareth Porter. 2000. Global Environmental Politics. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Gottlieb, Robert. 2005. Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Hannigan, John., 2014. Environmental Sociology Ed 2. Routledge.

Humphrey, Craig R., Frederick H. Buttel, and Tammy L. Lewis. 2005. Environment, energy, and society: A new synthesis. Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Lomborg, Bjorn. 2001. The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Murphy, Raymond. 1994. Rationality and Nature: A Sociological Inquiry into a Changing Relationship. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Redclift, Michael R., and Graham Woodgate, eds.2010. The international handbook of environmental sociology. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Reusswig, Fritz.2010. The new climate change discourse: A challenge for environmental sociology. Springer Netherlands.

White, Robert, ed. 2004.Controversies in environmental sociology. Cambridge University Press.


SOC- 615       Social Stratification and Justice System

Course Description:

This course is design to understand and comprehend the social justice system, nature, dynamic, philosophy and functions. The purpose of the course is to sanitize students regarding the systems of oppression, aggression, retribution and their comparison with social justice. The participants will be able to compare different social justice system in the world and how they are contributing to the peace and hormone in the respective societies. This course will highlight major sources and practices of the jurisprudence. Further, it will focus on the social, linguistic, ethnic, cultural and religious stratification. It will shed light on the caste, class stratification in Pakistan and in the world. The course will discuss theories of social stratification.

Part-A: Social Stratification Definition of inequality and social stratification, Theories of social stratification, Contributing factors of social stratification, Caste, Class, Apartheid, Social, cultural, linguistic stratification, Religious stratification, Gender and ethnic stratification, Class and caste stratification, Racist and ethnic stratification, Political and economic stratification, Global Stratification, Social movements and inequality, Social Stratification in Pakistan.

Part-B: Social Justice System Poverty and social justice, Poverty definition and types, Relative poverty, Absolute, Poverty and deprivation, Robert Chamber’s vicious cycle of poverty, Poverty line, Measures of poverty, GDP, GNP, Per capita income, Purchasing power parity, Human development index, Protest, violence and forms of violence, Oppressions: Racism, Sexism, Disability, Religious Persecution, Aristocratic, democratic and welfare states and social system, Colonization, globalization and welfare system, Relationship among social institutions and social inequality and common consciousness as a transformative tool, Social justice theories and their implications for the research processes, methodological approaches and their resulting forms of knowledge, civil rights movement for social justice, Circulation of knowledge about social justice and its manifestation in the public consciousness and public policy, Jurisprudence: practices, sources in different religions, regions and systems, Theories of social stratification and social justice system, Critical analysis, Conclusion.


Almgren, G. R. 2012. Health Care Politics, Policy and Services: a social justice analysis, Springer Publishing Company.

Banks, James A. 2004. Teaching for social justice, diversity, and citizenship in a global world. The educational forum, 68(4): 289-298.

Bell, Lee Anne. 2007. Theoretical foundations for social justice education. Current Issues in Comparative Education. 15(2):63-83.

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn.2004. Walking the road: Race, diversity, and social justice in teacher education. Teachers College Press.

Cotterrell, Roger BM. 1989. The politics of jurisprudence: A critical introduction to legal philosophy. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Faulks, Keith. 2000. Political sociology: a critical introduction. New York: New York University Press.

Foster, Lorne. 2011. Writing Justice: Voicing Issues in the Third Media. Toronto: Multicultural History Society, University of Toronto.

Macionis, John J., Cecilia Benoit, and Mikael Jansson. 2000. Society: the basics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall


SOC- 616        Penology and Re-socialization

Course Description:

First component of this course is design to understand the penal philosophy, process, procedures and penal institutions. Further, it is designed to understand the theoretical approaches towards the penal practices. Second component of the course is to understand the utilitarian model of Jeremy Bentham. This course will enlighten the students towards the correctional and rehabilitation strategies, methodologies and theories.

Course Content:

Penology, Definition and approaches, origin, history, Sociology of prison, Norms, values, mores and prison, Deviance and social control, Jeremy Bentham and utilitarian model,  Bentham and utilitarian model, Bentham and prison, Treatment rather than prison, Penal institutions, Police , Judiciary, Prison, Prison model in different countries, UK prison system, German prison system, Russian prison system, Polish prison system, Pakistani prison system, Religion and prison, Judaism and prison, Christianity and prison, Islamic model of prison, Rehabilitation, Probation and parole system, Religion and rehabilitation, Theories of punishment and prison, Theory of retribution, Theory of victimization, Theory of correction, Theories of rehabilitation, Theories of re-socialization, Critical analysis, Conclusion.


Hazelrigg, Lawrence E., ed.1968. Prison within society: a reader in penology. Doubleday.

Hoffman, Morris B., and Timothy H. Goldsmith. 2003. Biological Roots of Punishment, The.” Ohio St. J. Crim. L. 1: 627.

Kohn, Alfie. 1999. Punished by rewards: The trouble with gold stars, incentive plans, A’s, praise, and other bribes. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Rychlak, Ronald J. 1990. Society’s Moral Right to Punish: A Further Exploration of the Denunciation Theory of Punishment. Tul. L. Rev. 65: 299.

South, Nigel, and Robert P. Weiss. 2014. Comparing Prison Systems. Routledge.

Tella, María José Falcón, and Fernando Falcón y Tella. 2006. Punishment and culture: a right to punish?. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Van Zyl Smit, Dirk, and Sonja Snacken. 2006. Principles of European prison law and policy: penology and human rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


SOC- 617 Criminology

Course Description:

This course gives the student in-depth insight into the major domains of the criminology with in a social perspective. It provides with the basic understating regarding the theoretical as well as practical knowledge about the sociological aspects of the criminology and deviance in the modern day world. It will focus on the policing, investigation, penal institutions (police, court, prison). It will empower students towards the theoretical debates of classical and contemporary sociology.

Course Content:

The Criminological Imagination, Introduction, Histories of crime, Researching, rime, Policing, Judging and prison, Probation and parole, Thinking about crime, Enlightenment and early traditions, Early sociologies of crime, Radicalizing traditions, Marxism, feminism, Foucault and Crime, Social theory and social change, Crime, place and space, Theory of anomie, Theory of social control, White collar crime, Doing Crime, Victims and, victimization, Crime and Property, Crime, sexuality and gender, Crime, emotion and social psychology, Organizational and professional forms of crime, Organized crime, Unorganized crime, Controlling Crime, Drugs, Alcohol, Health and crime, Thinking about Punishment, The criminal justice process, Police and policing, Prisons and Imprisonment, Globalizing Crime, Green Criminology, Crime and media, Terrorism, State crime and human rights, Futures of crime and criminology, Theories of crimes, theories of punishment, theories of rehabilitation.


Carrabine, Eamonn, Pamela Cox , Maggy Lee, Nigel South, Ken Plummer, and  Jackie Turton. 2009. Criminology: A Sociological Introduction. Oxon: Routledge.

Maguire, Mike, Rod Morgan, and Robert Reiner.2012. The Oxford handbook of criminology. Oxford University Press,

Siegel, Larry J. 2010. Criminology: Theories Patterns, and Typologies. Belmont: Wadsworth.

Taylor, Ian, Paul Walton, and Jock Young, eds. 2013. Critical Criminology (Routledge Revivals). Routledge.

Taylor, Ian, Paul Walton, and Jock Young. 2013. The New Criminology:: For a Social Theory of Deviance. Routledge.


SOC- 618        Governance and Public Policy

Course Description:

Students will learn how to be effective participants in public policy-making, as policy analysts, administrators, and advocates, by gaining tools to help them assess a political environment, recognize the unique challenges that it imposes, and explore what motivates and constrains the various actors in it. This course will help to understand the policy issues, challenges and politics, models of policy development, analysis, and theories of public policy.

Course Content:

Introduction to public policy, Key concepts in public policy process, Political policy mapping, Social policy mapping, Expert and policy making, Politician and policy making, Bureaucratic policy, Governance and public policy, Good governance, Self-governance, Local Governance and devolution, E-Governance, Theoretical frameworks, Theory of public health policy, Theory of structural health care, Land theories, Sustainability theory, Public policy theory, Political theory, Public Bureaucracy theory and practice, Purpose of public policies, Fundamentals of public policy, Societal values and public policy, Public Policy in “Traditional Societies, Policy Formation: the institutions and process of political governance, Administrative Governance, Administration, Administration and bureaucratic structure, The challenge of policy implementation, The Role and influence of non-state actors in policy making and administrative governance, Gender, children and family policy, Human rights and public policy, Environment and public policy, Ethics in Administrative Governance, The challenge of ensuring democratic accountability in public administration, Policy framing, Politics and policy framing, Social diversity and question of “difference” in policy making and administrative Governance, paradigms of Governance, Developing a strategy for social movement protest, Models of public policy, USA Model, Swiss Model, UK Model, German Model, Unconventional tactics in Brazil, Case of Pakistan: Dominance of “Traditional Model”, Theories of Governance and Public Policy, Critical thinking, Conclusion.


Bertalanffy Ludwig Von. 1973. General Systems Theory. New York: George Braziller.

Burgruen Nicolas and Gardels Nathan. 2013. Intelligent Governance for the 21st Century. Cambridge, UK: Policy Press.

Miljan Lydia. 2008. Public Policy in Canada: An Introduction, 5th Ed. Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press.

O’Toole Laurence J. and Kenneth J. 2011. Public Management: Organization, Goverance, and Performance. New Delhi, India: Cambridge University Press.

Sapru R.K.201. Public Policy: Art and Craft of Public Policy Analysis, 2nd Ed. New Delhi: PHI Private Learning Limited.

Siegel Richard L. and Weinberg Leonard B. 1977. Comparing Public Policy: United States, Soviet Union and Europe. Georgetown, Ontario: The Dorsey Press.


SOC- 619        Political Sociology

Course Description:

Political sociology course will shed light on the political behavior of individuals, groups, political parties and societies at large. It will discuss democratic transitions, transformation and political change. It will explore social dimensions: class, caste, social movements and political and interests groups. It will discuss the authority, power and political system of the society. Focus will be on the political phenomenon, modern nation state, governance and people’s behavior to governance. Theories of politics, democracy, governance, citizenship will also be part of the debate.

Course Content:

Introduction, Origin, history, Individual, groups, society and political behavior, Development of the political institution, Chiefdom, Tribalism, Kingdom, Aristocracy, Democracy, Origin, History and Process of Democratization, Direct and indirect democracy, Authority, power, Political Participation, Political parties, Philosophy, basis, composition, Motives and mechanism to follow the political interests, Political parties, Japan, UK, USA, EU, Pakistan, Science, technology and political behavior, Social network and elite behavior, Rational and political choice, Globalization of politics, Theories and methodologies of political sociology, Aristotle, Plato, Machiavelli, Karl Marx, Max Webber, Charles Wright Mills, Pierre Bourdieu, Politics, social and natural ecology, Politics in the first, second and third world, Social and Cultural Political Context, Public Opinion and ideology, Elite Analysis, Macrosociology and Political Change, Race, Stratification and Political process, Integration and disintegration, Critical Analysis.


Baer, Douglas, 2002. Political Sociology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cotterrell, Roger BM. 1989. The politics of jurisprudence: A critical introduction to legal philosophy. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Faulks, Keith. 2000. Political Sociology: A Critical Introduction, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Gellner, Ernest. 1997. Nationalism. New York: New York University Press

Nash, Kate. 2010. Contemporary Political Sociology, Cambridge: Blackwell.

Nash, Kate. 2000. Readings in Contemporary Political Sociology, Cambridge: Blackwell.

McAuley, James. 2003. An Introduction to Politics: State and Society, London: Sage.

Orum, Anthony. 2001. Introduction to Political Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Scott, John. 2001. Power. Cambridge: Polity.


SOC- 620        Project Development and Evaluation

Course Description:

Project development and evaluation represent a set of core skills and competencies required for all people who wish to work as professional in the field of sociology. In that context, this course is designed to help students develop those skills which are necessary for professional practice with an emphasis on grant proposal writing, evaluation plan development, and professional presentations. Theory around the nature of participation, the mechanics of social change, and the measurement of change will be discussed to provide context for and strengthen the application of the practical skills that form the core of the course. Monitoring and evaluation component will also be an important part of the course.

Course Content:

Introduction, System designs, Single system design, Double system design, Multi-system design, Brain storming and project design, SMART analysis, SWORT analysis, Community and social development projects designing, Rapid Appraisals (RAs), Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA), Participatory policy, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), Surveys and public policy design, Getting oriented to project writing and the age of scarcity, Designing issues for developing a project, Project development and human rights, Project development and environment, Project and sustainable development, Finding foundation and Government funding sources, State resources, Federal funding, Provincial funding, District/ Municipal Government funding, International resources, UN, INGOs, NGOs, Corporate sector, Evidence-based programs, Implementation planning, Project evaluation, Project/ program evaluation, Social outcomes, Economic/ financial outcomes, Welfare, Political outcomes, Success and failure analysis, Project time, Documentation: summative, formative and quarterly reports, Project evaluation, Implement fidelity and process evaluation, Preparing and analyzing data, qualitative evaluation and report writing, Performance measurement, Report writing and Use of evaluation, monitoring and evaluation, Theoretical interpretation, Critical Analysis, Conclusion.


In Thyer, B.2013. The Handbook of Social Work Research.  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publications.

McDavid, J. and Hawthorn, L. 2006. Program evaluation and performance measurement.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Newcomer, K.  2004. Using statistics in evaluation.  In Wholey, J., Hatry, H., & Newcomer, K. (Eds.) Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Voss, Jan-Peter, and Dierk Bauknecht. 2006. Reflexive governance for sustainable development. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Weiss, H. & Little, P.  2003.  Why, when and how to use evaluation:  Experts speak out.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project.


SOC- 621        Sociology of Corporate Social Responsibility

Course Description:

This course is developed to identify the corporate sector which promotes the welfare of society. It will also shed light on social/ civic engagement of a common person, organization and society to look after the common integration and social cohesion. It will discuss natural resources, pollution controls, monitoring ethical supply chains, and social welfare of the community and society at large. This course will also enlighten the role of the philanthropy and participatory approach of sustainable development. Theoretical debate will also be part of the course.

Course Content:

What is corporate social responsibility (CSR)? CSR and shared values, Integration of social and corporate values, CSR and economic vales, CSR and UN conventions, Theories and interstation of the corporate social responsibility, Moral responsibility, Economic/ financial responsibility, Environmental responsibility, Political responsibility, Profit organization, NGOs and CSR, Profit making philosophy, Profit making and CSR, NGOs pressure on business, NGOs and civil society work and CSR, Charity, Responsibility and charity,  Responsibility and religion, Charity, responsibility and religion, Individual, society and CSR, Civic responsibility, Education, Health, Civic engagement and disable services, Sports,  Recreation, Media and CSR, Welfare and corporate responsibility, Infrastructure building,  BOTs, Small contributions, Large contribution, Government partnerships and influencers of corporations, Environment and society, Education, health, poverty and CSR, Public, private partnership and CSR, Globalization and CSR, Theories of CSR, CSR: A case of Pakistan.


Crane, Andrew, Dirk Matten, and Laura J. Spence. 2008. Corporate social responsibility: Readings and cases in a global context. New York: Routledge.

Crowther, David, and Güler Aras. 2008. Corporate social responsibility. Bookboon.

Portney, Paul R. 2005. Corporate Social Responsibility.” Environmental Protection and the Social Responsibility of Firms—Perspectives from Law, Economics, and Business.

Vogel, David. 2006. The market for virtue: The potential and limits of corporate social responsibility. Brookings Institution Press.

Yakovleva, Natalia. 2005. Corporate social responsibility in the mining industries. Aldershot Burlington: Ashgate.


SOC- 622        Social History

Course Description:

This course is design to know the past experiences of the human history and give an orientation to the students to develop perspectives based on the history. It will give a brief description of the historiography, process and procedures. It included the history of common person, nobles, monarchs and emperor. Further, it will shed light on the development of the sociology of the history in Pakistan. Theories of history will also be part of this course.

Course Content:

Social history, scope and range, Dimension of social history, Nature, Nurture and history, People, religion and history, Integration, cohesion and social history, Historiography, Perspectives, Paradigms, History of common man, culture, institutions in the region, Global history and common man, Individuals, nobles, monarchs and emperors and reflections of the sociological imagination, Theories of history Social history of Pakistan.


Goldstone, Jack A. 2003. Comparative historical analysis and knowledge accumulation in the study of revolutions. Comparative historical analysis in the social sciences, 41-90.

Mahoney, James, and Dietrich Rueschemeyer.2003. Comparative historical analysis. Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Science,  3-38.

Mahoney, James. 2003. Strategies of causal assessment in comparative historical analysis.” Comparative historical analysis in the social sciences, 337-72.

Pierson, Paul. 2004. Politics in time: History, institutions, and social analysis. Princeton University Press.

Watson, Adam. 2009. The Evolution of International Society: A Comparative Historical Analysis Reissue with a new introduction by Barry Buzan and Richard Little. Routledge.


SOC- 623        Medical Sociology and Public Health

Course Description:

The course aims to solve health-related problems within the financial, socio-cultural, environmental and political framework of Pakistan and its surrounding region. Moreover, it will help initiate, plan, manage, monitor and evaluate interventions in the field of public health. Disease prevention, rather than cure is focus of this course. It will also enlighten about the theories of public health.

Course Content:

 Introduction to health management, Infectious disease epidemiology and prevention, Dieses prevention, Public health place, Parks, Sports, Public health cure, Hospitals, Medication, Dispensaries in rural areas, Doctor and patient interaction, Sick role,  Public Health Nutrition, Food safety and security, Healthy food, Injury and Public Health, First aid,  Ambulance services, Emergency services, High technology medicine,  Health Promotion,  Public Health Law: Promoting Healthy Youth Development, Indigenous healing, Spiritual healings, Cost and benefit analysis of health and hygiene, GIS and Spatial Analysis for Public Health, Maternal Child Health, Theories of public health, critical thinking, public health: A case of Pakistan and its comparison with developing and developed world, Critical Analysis, Conclusion.


Bird, Chloe E., Peter Conrad, Allen M. Fremont, and Stefan Timmermans.2010. Handbook of  medical sociology. Vanderbilt University Press.

Cockerham, William C. 2014. Medical sociology. John Wiley & Sons.

Moon, Graham, 1995. Society and Health. An Introduction to Social Science for Health  Professional. London: Routledge.

Shah, Ilyas.1998. Community Medicine. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Bauggartner, Teda.1994. Conducting and reading research in health and human performance.

England, Brow and Benchmarn Publishers.

Thomas, Carol. 2007. Sociologies of disability and illness: Contested ideas in disability studies and medical sociology. Palgrave Macmillan.


SOC- 624        Socio-Economic and Environmental Impact Assessment

Course Description:

Government projects are subjective to get approval from the socio-economic and environmental experts. World Bank and development agencies always stress on the need to have an extensive socio-environmental assessment. This course will train to the students of sociology to understand the community needs and how these communities will be affected from the development projects. Sustainable development goals will not be achieved without the socio-economic and environmental impact assessment. This course will shed light on the theoretical and methodological perspectives.

Course Content:

Introduction, Nature, purpose, Historical Background of EIA, Origin, Development, EIA LOG Frame, EIA: Methods and Procedures, Managing, Mapping, Project screening, Scoping of project, Project auditing, Tools and techniques for data collection, Socio- Metrix, Economic cost and benefit analysis, Environmental Indexing, Tools and techniques for data analysis, International concerns in EIA, Filed intervention and challenges, Impact Predictions, Decision choices, Evaluation, Mitigation and Enhancement, EIA Monitoring and Evaluation, Continues monitoring, Formative monitoring, Evaluative Monitoring, Documentation and report writing, Validity and reliability of EIA, Challenges and issues of EIA, Theoretical Perspectives of EIA, National policy perspective, Wildlife perspective, Natural disaster perspective, Climate change perspective, Sustainable development perspective, Case studies of EIA of Pakistan: Ghazi Brotha Dam, Mangla Dam, Motorways, Case studies of developed and developing countries, Future of EIA and Sustainable Development Goals, Theories of socio-economic and environmental impact assessment, Critical Analysis, Conclusion


Brookes, Graham, and Peter Barfoo.2006.. GM crops: the first ten years-global socio-economic  and environmental impacts. PG Economics Limited.

Glasson, John, Riki Therivel, and Andrew Chadwick. 2013. Introduction to environmental  impact assessment. Routledge.

Metz, Bert. 2001. Climate change 2001: mitigation: contribution of Working Group III to the  third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press.

Morris, Peter, and Riki Therivel.2001. Methods of environmental impact assessment. Vol. 2. Taylor & Francis.

Smith, Keith. 2013. Environmental hazards: assessing risk and reducing disaster. Routledge.