Department of Sociology > PhD Courses

PhD Courses

Structure of PhD Program

The PhD Sociology Program is significantly research-oriented. It comprises of 18-credit hours course work. In addition to course work it will be compulsory for the students to enroll fieldwork, seminar and dissertation after the completion of course work. This program is for three to seven years. The QAU Islamabad rules and regulations will be followed for the admission and examination (as given in the Quaid-i-Azam University Calendar 2012 pages 243-264). The course distribution is as below:

Course Work:                                      18 Credit Hours

Dissertation:                                        Compulsory

Duration:                                             Three years with six semesters (one year teaching and two year research) and not exceeding seven years

Admission criteria:                             M.Phil Sociology plus departmental admission test and interview (70% for test and 30% Marks) and PhD rules and regulations of the Quaid-i-Azam University.

18 credit hours courses will be offered to the PhD students from the above mentioned list core and optional courses. However, no repetition of courses will be allowed. The course code of Dissertation will be SOC-699.

PhD Sociology Semester Breakup

Semester 1

Core courses: 2

Optional courses: 1

Semester 2

Optional courses: 3


Semester 3 and onward

Research and Dissertation


List of Core Courses of PhD Sociology

S. No. Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
1. SOC-625 Philosophy of Social Sciences 03
2. SOC-626 Sociology of Development: Issues and Debate 03
3. SOC-699 PhD Dissertation  


Details of PhD Sociology Core Courses

SOC- 625       Philosophy of Social Sciences

Course Description: This course focuses on the central issues of the social sciences, including general methodology (explaining, theorizing, testing), the application of philosophy (especially individualism versus holism), the nature of rationality and the history of theories and concepts. Among the important topics this course will look into include: Ethnomethodology, Evolution, Marxism, Phenomenology, Postmodernism, Rationality, Relativism, Scientific Methods, and Textual Interpretations. Epistemological, ontological and knowledge generation will be important part of this course.

Course Content: Introduction: Origin, History, Philosophy and the social sciences, Philosophical toolkits, Epistemology, Ontology, Logic, Ethics and Moral Philosophy, Science, Social Science, Philosophical fundamentals of social sciences, Inductive model of science, Structural criterion of science, Postmodern Approach: (Accepting uncertainty and relativism), Method of science and social science, The Social World: What It is and How it Works, A Value-neutral social science?, Positivism and Science, Positivism, The role of Theory, Discovery and Validation, Problems of Empiricism and Positivism, The rise and fall of Positivism, Two ways to Criticize Positivism, Current Epistemological theories, Predictive Instrumentalism, Conventionalism, Rhetorical analysis, Phenomenology, Evolutionary Epistemology, Ethnomethodology, Alternatives To Empiricism, Marxism and Science, Weber, Merton and Sociology of Science, Historical Epistemology and Structural Marxism, Revolutions and Relativism: From Kuhn to the ‘Strong Program’, Gender and Science: The Feminist Vision, Gendering and Feminization of social sciences, Gender and knowledge, Gender and feminization, Theoretical debates of the philosophy of social sciences, Critical Analysis, Conclusion



Benton, Ted and Craib, Ian. 2001. Philosophy of Social Science: the philosophical foundations of

social thought. Great Briton: Palgrave

Gordon, Scott. 2003. The History and Philosophy of Social Science. London: Routledge.

Hollis, Marin. 2008. Reason in Action: Essays in the philosophy of Social Science. Great

Britain: Cambridge University Press.

Manicas, Peter T. 2006, A realist philosophy of social science: Explanation and understanding.

Cambridge University Press.

Rosenberg, Alexander. 1988. Philosophy of social science. Vol. 2. Boulder, CO: Westview


Rudner, Richard S. 1966. Philosophy of social science: Foundations of Philosophy Series. New

Jersey: Prentice-Hall, INC.

Kuhn, Thomas S.2012. The structure of scientific revolutions. University of Chicago pres.

Webb, Keith. 1995. An introduction to problems in the philosophy of social sciences. London:



SOC- 626       Sociology of Development: Issues and Debate

Course Description: This course is aimed at to provide an up-to-date and in-depth understanding of sociological perspectives on discourses and practice of development in the past and present.  The course starts with a theoretical overview of the relationship between development and sociology how it has evolved. This overview allows key concepts and arguments to be identified in the broader discipline of ‘sociology’, especially ‘sociology of development’. The debates encompass classical and contemporary theories and arguments on modernization, colonization, neo-colonization,   neo-liberalism, universalism and globalization. The purpose of this course is twofold: it aims to enable students to develop a critical eye on the core concepts used in development in order to question this paradigm and especially the processes through which this field has become increasingly professionalized. Second, they would be able to develop interest for research in the areas of development and/or joint development sector with greater understanding and skills of conceptualizing research project and policy. Theories of development will be an important part of the course.


Course Content: Introduction to the Sociology of Development, What is Development, The philosophical, cannons of development, Development and the Legacies of colonialism, The importance of history and culture to development,  Key Theories of development, Neo-evolutionary and neo-modernization theories of development, Marxist and neo-Marxist theories of development,  Universalism, Eurocentrism, and Ideological Bias in Development, Universalisms and mainstream development strategies from modernization to Neoliberalism, Inappropriateness of Eurocentric condition to periphery and semi periphery nations, Neo-liberalism,  Introduction, Emergence of Neo-Liberalism: Strengths of Neo-liberal approach to development: Weaknesses of the Neo-liberal approach to development. Contemporary development frameworks, The Millennium Development Goals, The Role of World Bank in Poverty Reduction, The Role of IMF and World in Pakistani Economy, The Role INGOs and NGOs in gender equality and gender mainstreaming, Development through Education  for all and the Role of INGOs and NGOs, Development, Democracy and UNDP, The Role of IMF and World in Pakistani Economy,  Globalization and development, Defining globalization, Globalization: myth or reality, Modern World Economy, World System in Contract to world Empires, The state and expansion of capitalism, World economic crisis and the future of development in periphery and semi-periphery nations, Political globalization, the nation- state and in the new world order, The impotent post nation state, Globalization or cultural homogenization, The Gender dimension of global economy, Globalization and Pakistan, A critical analysis of Globalization and its impact on Pakistani society, Critical Thinking, Conclusion



David Mosse. 2005. Cultivating development: ethnography of aid policy and practice. London;

Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press.

Edelman, Marc & Angelique Haugerud. 2005. The anthropology of development and

globalisation: from classical political economy to contemporary neoliberalism. Oxford: Blackwell.

Fisman, Raymond and Edward Miguel. 2008. Economic Gangsters: Corruption, Violence and

the Poverty of Nations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Harriss, John. 2002. Depoliticizing Development: The World Bank and Social Capital. New

York: Anthem Press.

Harvey, David. 2005. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Karlan, Dean and Jacob Appel. 2011. More than Good Intentions: How a New Economics is

Helping to Solve Global Poverty. London/New York: Dutton.

Krishna, Anirudh, ed. 2008. Poverty, Participation and Democracy: A Global Perspective.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Krishna, Anirudh. 2010). One Illness Away: Why People Become Poor and How They Escape

Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCall, Leslie.  2001.  Complex Inequality: Gender, Class and Race in the New Economy. 

New York: Routledge.

Sachs, Jeffrey. 2005. Investing in Development. A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium

Development Goals, Report to the UN Secretary‐General, New‐York.

Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


List of Optional Courses of PhD Sociology*

S. No. Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
1. SOC-606 Peace and Conflict Studies 03
2. SOC-607 Sociology of Migration 03
3. SOC-608 Sociology of Transportation and Road Safety 03
4. SOC-609 Sociology of Human Rights 03
5. SOC-610 Sociology of Population 03
6. SOC-611 Sociology of Urbanization 03
7. SOC-612 Sociology of Rural Development 03
8. SOC-613 Sociology of Mass Communication 03
9. SOC-614 Environmental Sociology 03
10. SOC-615 Social Stratification and Justice System 03
11. SOC-616 Penology and Re-socialization 03
12. SOC-617 Criminology 03
13. SOC-618 Governance and Public Policy 03
14. SOC-619 Political Sociology 03
15. SOC-620 Project Development and Evaluation 03
16. SOC-621 Sociology of Corporate Social Responsibility 03
17. SOC-622 Social History 03
18. SOC-623 Medical Sociology and Public Health 03
19. SOC- 624 Socio-Economic and Environmental Impact Assessment 03


* List of Optional courses of M.Phil Sociology and PhD Sociology is the same. However, those students who will register in a course in M.Phil Sociology will not be allowed to repeat in PhD Sociology. He/ she will study from the remaining list of the optional courses.

Detail of Optional Courses of PhD Sociology


SOC- 606        Peace and Conflict Studies


Course Description: Conflict and peace are essential part of human life. They are related to each other and understanding of these two concepts is necessary to establish peace, avoid war and deal with conflict in amicable way. Adopting a multidisciplinary approach, this course aims at presenting theoretical and practical issues relating to: conflicts, their sources, their underlying dynamics, their mechanisms and regulations.


The course is divided into three sections. The first section will present the major concepts, definitions and approaches on peace. The second section will deal with the causes and reasons that might trigger conflicts. The third section will focus on the crucial issue of the regulation of conflict and the curbing of violence, dwelling notably on the stakes of negotiation, peace operations, demobilization and state-building and the actors involved.


Course Content:  Introduction to the course, Defining peace, Concept of Sociology of peace and conflict, Peace history, Contemporary cultures of peace, Possibilities of practicing peace in times of war, oppression, Rising intolerance, conflict and fundamentalism and peace studies, Epistemological, cultural violence, Ecological, economic and psychological violence, Violent communication and verbal aggression, Peace scope and dimensions,  individual, family, local/communal peace, National, international, global peace, Historical background of conflict,            Causes of conflict, Types of conflict, Classification of conflict, Dynamics of conflict,  Stages of conflict, Conflict cycle, Conflict and violence and a typology of peace and violence, War and violence. Conflict theories, Conflict theories and sociological perspective: Karl Marx, Turner and Dahrendorf, Pluralist perspective of conflict, Structural functional theory, The Theory of structural balance, Assumption on ethnicity and conflict, Assumption on culture and conflict,  Cognitive frameworks in understanding conflict and violence, Terrorism and genocide,  Sociology of terrorism and genocide, Sociology of terrorism, Perspectives on the holocaust and genocide, Inequality and conflict, Gender and conflict, Ethnic and racial conflict resolution,  Peace as a process: Peace-keeping, Peace-making, Peace-Building, Peace-building: concepts evolution of peace-building UN Charter, Peace building designs, Peace building models, Pyramid analysis, Conflict Intervention model, Peace-building: patterns, Rehabilitation of war victims, Reconstruction of war-torn areas, Restoration of state institutions, Peace-building: Trends in post-9/1 world, Negotiation, Types of negotiation, Strategies: conciliation, mediation, arbitration, judicial Settlement or legal method of dispute resolution (litigation), Nonviolence and popular Movements: nonviolence and the ethics of social action, Nonviolent Strategies and Conflict Transformation, Building cultures of peace, Peace rhetoric: Literature and media, Peacemakers: Nobel Peace Laureates, Military institutions and war: Military sociology, The military and society, War and the military, Civil-Military relations, cinematic images of war and the military, Conflict Transformation, Conceptual overview of conflict transformation, Types of transformation, Rule Transformation, Structural transformation, Actor transformation, Personal and group transformation, Conflict analysis: meaning/ definition of conflict, Categories of stakeholders, Criteria from determining, Primary stakeholders, Pre-Intervention, Conflict mapping and tracking, Conventions for mapping, Conflict analytical tools, Peace education: Philosophical foundations, Ethical approaches , Peace education, The Role of peace educators, Methods of achieving post-conflict sustainable, Peace Futures – imagining a world without war and violent conflict



Charles Webel and Johan Galtung. 2007. Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies: New York.

Creighton, Colin; Shaw, Martin.1987. Sociology of War and Peace, Macmillan Press Ltd, London.

Hans Gunter Brauch; Ursula Oswald; Keith G Tidball .2014. Expanding Peace Ecology: Peace,

Security, Sustainability, Equity and Gender , Environmental Policy; Environmental Law; Environmental Sciences, Springer .

Ghazi Bin Muḥammad. 2013. War and Peace in Islam, Cambridge University Press, New York.

Matyok, Thomas and Jessica Senehi. 2011. Critical Issues in Peace and Conflict Studies; Sean

Byrne , Peace; War-Research; Peace and Conflict Studies, Lexington Book , D C health and Company, Washington.

McLaughlin, Greg and  Stephen Baker.2010. The Propaganda of Peace: Northern Ireland-

Politics and Government-1994; Peace Movements-Northern Ireland.

Segal, Mady W. 2001. “Military Sociology: Some of the Topics Military Sociologists Study.”

Wallensteen, P, Understanding Conflict Resolution: War, Peace and the Global System, London:

SAGE, 2007.

Webel, Charles,  Johansen, Jorgen. 2013. Peace and Conflict Studies: Peace,  Conflict

Management, Conflict Studies, Routledge Publication.


SOC- 607        Sociology of Migration


Course Description: This course will discuss the main concepts and typologies used migration studies. Further, it will deeply explore the major theories of migration. Recognizing the sensitivity about migration at this time, the course gives special attention to the diversity of perspectives contributing to the polemical discourse across the globe. It considers migration in terms of gender, race, and the state and it look at the role of undocumented migration in contemporary society. Moving towards a consideration of involuntary migration, the course will consider human smuggling and trafficking, the legal protection of and humanitarian assistance to refugees, and displacement in a variety of contexts.


Course Content: Migration: a sociological problem, Typologies, Types of Migration of the Population, According to the Professional and Social Composition of Migrants, A General Typology of Migration, Migration, immigration and emigration, Emigration myth and reality, Immigration, philosophy and reality, The problem in various countries, Participation of migrants in urban structures, Distance of Migration and Socio-Economic Status of Migrants, Approaches to study International Migration, Theories of international migration, a review and appraisal, International migration, who, where and why, international migration report (latest), History and origins of contemporary migration, The emergence of immigrant states; Post-WW-II labor migration, The evolution of international refuges, Policymaking and politics, Making and implementing immigration policy, Economic considerations, Demographic challenges, The politics of resettlement, Incorporating Immigrants, Emigration dynamics in the developing world, Emigration from the south Asia, Gulf region and labor migration, Developed world and immigration, Immigration to Europe, Immigration to North America, Immigration to Australia, Emigration from Pakistan, Critical evaluation, Conclusion



Appleyard, R. 1998. Emigration Dynamics in Developing Countries (Vol. II South Asia). Aldershot: Ashgate.

Clifford J. Jansen and A. H. Richmond.1970. Readings in the Sociology of Migration: A volume in The Commonwealth and International Library: Readings in Sociology. Oxford: Pergamon Press Ltd.

Cohen, R. 1995. Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Reprinted in paperback in 2010.

Cohen, R.1996. The Sociology of Migration, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Cohen, R. 1996. Theories of Migration, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Messina A. M. and Lahav, G. 2006. The Migration Reader: Exploring Politics and Policies. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.


SOC- 608        Sociology of Transportation and Road Safety


Course Description: Road safety and transportation is an important social problem of Pakistan. Undisciplined traffic cost human deaths and billions rupees every year in Pakistan. The student of sociology will understand the dynamics and mechanism of the road safety in the first world and how this mechanism is lacking in the third world. The course will also address the mass transportation plans which not only ensure road safety but also reduce environmental degradation. It will discuss the theoretical and methodological problems of the road safety in Pakistan.


Course Content: Sociology of road safety, Use of indicators, Use of traffic signals, Use of helmet, Use of seat belt, Tolerance and traffic behavior, Road safety, human behavior, People response to machinery, Use of traffic and human behavior, Road accidents and their relation with mechanical or behavioral problems, Precautionary measures to avoid accident, Road vigilance, First aid, People’s behavior towards road crashes, Rules, regulation regarding driving and human behavior, Traffic rules and regulations, Licensing behavior, Road planning, development and road safety, Construction of roads, Construction politics, Resources and road construction, Transportation: mass transit, mega cities and road safety, Urban/ rapid transport, Metro bus, Metro train, Sub-highways, City ships, Government policy towards transports, Safety and transportation, Use of private vehicles, Heavy taxes, Parking, Comparison of the first, second and third world in road safety, Transport in the First world, Transport in the second world, Transport in the third world, Developed world and road behavior, Developing countries and road behavior, A comparative analysis of Pakistan and the West, Theoretical interpretations, Cultural lag, Cultural and social diffusion of technology, Modernization, Underdevelopment, Risk society, critical analysis, conclusion



Dewar, Robert E., and Paul L. Olson .2007. Human factors in traffic safety. Lawyers & Judges Publishing Company.

Dumbaugh, Eric, and J. L. Gattis. 2005. Safe streets, livable streets. Journal of the American Planning Association 71(3): 283-300.

Elvik, Rune, et al., eds. 2009. The handbook of road safety measures. Emerald Group Publishing.

Evans, Leonard. 1985. Human behavior feedback and traffic safety. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 27(5): 555-576.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2008. Towards Zero: Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe System Approach. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Shinar, David. 2007. Traffic safety and human behavior. Vol. 5620. Elsevier.

Summala, Heikki. 1996. Accident risk and driver behavior. Safety Science 22(1): 103-117.



SOC- 609 Sociology of Human Rights


Course Description: This course aims at to give a comprehensive overview of the issues, debates, constructions and contentions on human rights in the social sciences and philosophy, law, policy and governance, civil society and interest groups and society in general. Socializing human rights is new in the international academics. Themes and perspectives from the classical and contemporary traditions of social theory, philosophy and art have been under debate for decades.


Course Content: Introduction, origin, history, Sociology and Human Rights: Resituating the discipline, Fundamental principles of human rights, Sociology and human rights, Conceptual Framework of Human Rights, Theories of Human Rights, Classification of human rights, Collective rights, Ethnic minority rights, Fundamental rights and human rights, Magna carta and bill of rights, What are the universal human rights, Ensuring socio-economic, Political rights,  Human rights and culture, UN Convention on Human Rights, Child rights, Understanding the international child rights, UNCRC, National child rights framework, Women rights, CEDAW, Globalizing the human rights perspective, Human rights and developing countries, Human rights and socialism,  Human rights in the first world, Citizenship, identity and human rights, Vulnerability and the human rights,  Legal and moral basis of human rights in religions, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Selected human rights problems, Privacy, Prisoners’ rights, Labor rights, Intellectual property rights, theories of human rights, critical analysis, conclusion.



Adamantia Pollis and Peter Schwab. 1990. Human Rights: Cultural and Ideological Perspectives. London: Preager Publishers, Special Studies

Antonio, Cassese. 1990. Human Rights in the Changing World. Policy Press.

Attracta, Ingram .1994. A Political Theory of Rights. New York: Clarendon P. Press, Oxford.

Bhalla S.C. 1991. An Institutional Framework for Implementation.

David L. Brunsma, Keri E. Iyall Smith & Brian K. Gran. 2013. Handbook of Sociology and

Human Rights. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

David Louis Gingranelli.1988. Human Rights Theory and Measurement. Machmillan Press,

Policy Study Organization.

Edward, Lauson.1998. Encyclopedia of Human Rights 2nd ed. Tylor and Francis Publishers.

Enejiofor, Gavie.1964. Protection of Human Rights under the Law. London: Butterwoths.

Forysthe, David B. 1982. Human Rights and development. London: Macmillan.

Haider, S.M. 1978. Islamic Concept of Human Rights. Lahore: Book House.

Judith Blau & Frezzo, M. 2012. Sociology and Human Rights: A Bill of Rights for the

Twenty-First Century. Los Angeles: Sage Publication Inc.

Khurshid Ahmed and Ahmed Said Khan. 1976. Human rights in Islam (translations). Islamic Foundation.

Robertson, A.H, J.G. Merrils. 1989. Human Rights in the World. Manchester University Press.



SOC- 610 Sociology of Population


Course Description: This course will provide the students with the definitions of essential components of social demography as well as will establish its relationship with disciplines such as, population studies, demography and sociology. It will explore the core domains of population studies including fertility, mortality and migration. The students will also learn the various sources of demographic data: census, registration, surveys. It will also capacitate about the theoretical and methodological debates of population, demographic and its variable, mapping and new trends of the population pyramids.


Course Content: Introduction, origin, history and development of population studies, Study of Demography, Why study demography? Sources of demographic data, Which uses population data? Where to find published information on population? Historical perspective, 20th century population growth in developed and developing countries: causes and consequences, Geographic distribution of the world population, Growth rates: methods, estimation and projections, Pre-independence and post-independence population growth patterns in Pakistan, Demographic Perspectives, Pre-modern Population Doctrines, Malthusian Perspective, Marxian Perspective, Other Early Modern Population Theories, The Theories of Demographic Transition, The Theory of Change and Response, The Theory of Relative Income , The Fertility Transition, What is fertility, Measuring Fertility, The Preconditions for a Decline in Fertility, How can Fertility be Controlled, Proximate Determinants of Fertility, Explanations for High Fertility, Motivations for Lower Fertility Levels, Regional Differences in the Fertility Transition, The Mortality Transition, What is Mortality, Life Span and Longevity, Age and Sex Patterns of Mortality, Causes of Death, Measuring Mortality, The Mortality/Epidemiological Transition, The Migration Transition, Defining Migration, Measuring migration, Migration Transition within Countries, Migration Between Countries, International Migration, Forced Migration, Theories of migration, William Peterson’s typology, Evert S. Lee’s theory of migration, World pattern, Internal and international migration, Migration and economic development, The case of Pakistan: Post-independence levels and trends,  Population Structure and Characteristics, Age and Sex Structure, What is an age/ Sex Structure, Impact of Population Processes on the Age/Sex Structure, Impact of Age Structure on Population Process, The Dynamics of Age/Sex Structure, Population Growth and Urbanization, What is Urban, An Overview of Urbanization, The Proximate Determinants of Urban Transition, The Urban Transition in the Context of Demographic Transition, The Urban Evolution that Accompanied the Urban Transition, Cities and Sustainable Environment, Population growth and the environment, Economic Development, the Use and Abuse of Resources, How is Population Related to Economic Development, The Bottom Line for the Future: Can Billions More People Be Fed? By-Products of Development, Degradation of Environment, Sustainable Development: Possibility or Oxymoron? Population Growth, Population growth, Women and the family, Population growth and aging, Population growth and food, Population policies, Population politics, Population Planning, The case of Pakistan and response, Other social and economic related modern theories, critical thinking, conclusion.



Caldwell, John C. 1982. Theory of Fertility Decline. Sydney: Academic Press.

Dudley L. Poston, Michael Micklin. 2006. Handbook of Population. Springer.

Lee, Everett S. 1966. A Theory of Migration. Demography, 3(1): 47-57.

Peterson, William.1958. A General Typology of Migration. American Sociology Review, 23(3): 256-266.

Taylor, J. Edward. 2006. International Migration and Economic Development. International Symposium on International Migration and Development, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat Turin, Italy. Pp. 1-28.

Weeks, John R.198. Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues, Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. (Fourth Edition).

Weeks, John R. 2005. Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues, Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.


SOC- 611 Sociology of Urbanization

Course Description: This course is designed to be a general introduction to the field of urban sociology.  It covers a range of topics and readings regarding sociological development of modern cities and the impact of urbanization and urban problems on individuals, groups, and neighborhood and community formation.  Students will achieve an overview of developments in urban theory and the history of urbanization.  Urban trends within the developed and developing world and special focus will be on Pakistan. It will also discuss the models of urban development, slums and urban neighborhoods.

Course Content: Introduction to urban sociology, origin, history and development of urban studies, Population growth and Urbanization towns, Development and process of urbanization, Village, Town, City, Metropolis and metropolitan cities, Urban Patterns, Metropolitan statistical area (MSA), Edge city, Gentrification,  Suburbanization and suburbs, Urbanization, History, Population explosion, Migration, Models of urbanization, Concentric zone model, Sector model, Multiple-Nuclei model, Peripheral model, Critique of urban models, Urban life, Alienation, Community in the city, Residents of the city, Cosmopolites, Singles, Ethnic villagers, Deprived, Trapped, Urban Theory I: Urban culture and the “community” problematic, race, ethnicity and Gender in cities. Urban theory II: urban ecology and political economy, theories. Urban change I, Urban change II: New approaches.  Politics and the City, urban political powers, political economy of place, Urban sustainability, cities in the world system, third world urbanization, Social Problems and Social policy of urbanization, Social Ties and Community, Sociology of housing, slums and urbanization, Public policy and urbanization, Disinvestment and Deindustrialization, Potential of Urban Revitalization, theories of urbanization, critical analysis, Urbanization in Pakistan: A case study, Conclusion



Amitabh Kundu. 2000. Inequality, Mobility and Urbanisation: China & India. New Delhi: Indian Council of Social Science Research and Manak Publications.

Anderson, Elijah.2011. The Cosmopolitan Canopy: Race and Civility in everyday life. New York: Norton.

Giddens, Anthony. 1993. Sociology, Polity Press, Oxford, 2nd Edition.

Gold, Harry. 1982. Sociology of Urban Life, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Gottdiener, M. and Leslie Budd. 2005. Key Concepts in Urban Studies. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Kundu, Singh & Shivaramkrishna (ed.) 2005. Oxford Handbook of Urbanisation in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Saunders, Peter.1981. Social Theory and the Urban Question. London: Hutchinson.

SOC- 612        Sociology of Rural Development


Course Description: Students will learn rural sociology concepts and methods. Representations of “rural” versus “urban” actors, “local” versus “global” communities will be critically discussed. Theoretical insights on modernization, rural development and conservation will help understanding social and cultural interactions shaping places and contested meanings, territorial identities and landscapes. Sociological methods will be presented and practiced, building on the cases studies.


Course Content: Nature, definition, scope and significance of rural sociology, Origin of agriculture, Peasant farming, Domestic commodity production, Rural urban differences, Democratic decentralization and rural development, Power structure and Punchiat system, Caste system is rural society, Feudalism in rural Pakistan, Family and marriage structure in rural family, Religion and rural society, Rural problems, poverty, unemployment, bounded labor, Downgraded labor: women and farm workers in rural communities Urbanization, Rural social change, Factors of rural social change, Rural social change with reference to caste and gender, Modernization, Sources of rural social change, Sociological barriers to rural social change, Social stratification, Role of rural Pakistani women in rural development, Patriarchy and rural societies, The origin of patriarchy, Theories, and its persistence in rural societies, Development of the rural areas of Pakistan



Duncan, Cynthia. 1999  Worlds Apart. Yale University Press.

Han, Dongping. The Unknown Cultural Revolution: Educational Reforms and Their Impact on China’s Rural Development. East Asia: History, Politics, Sociology, Culture. Taylor & Francis Group. Florence.

Peet, Richard. 1999. Theories of Development. Guilford Press.

Rank, Mark. 2004. One Nation, Underprivileged. Oxford University Press

Schiller, Bradley R. 200. The Economics of Poverty and Discrimination. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.



SOC- 613   Sociology of Mass Communication


Course Description: The aim of Sociology of Mass Communication is to examine the relationship between the Mass Media institution and social structure. It pays detailed and specific attention to the concepts of sociology; society and culture; impact of the mass media on the society; knowledge of the mass media and its relationship with major social institutions. It will also discuss the theories of mass media, media consumption, rational choice, mediatization.

Course Content: Introduction, history and origin, An overview of the sociology of mass communication, Meaning of mass sociology, Sociological perspective of mass sociology, Mass media and sociology, Sociology of mass communication, Mass media audiences, Media and social influence, Mass media and society, Relationship between media and society, Theories of press, Functions of the mass media, Media industry and social structures, Ownership and control, Political economy of the media, Media ownership, Media and the state-control of the media, Concept of press freedom, Press censorship, Cultural imperialism and media independence, Media as a social agent, Media and political subject, Mass media function, Media and Social Inequality, Race, Gender and Class, Media and Audience, Mediation and New Technology, Media as an institution in globalization, Theories of mass communication, Theories of press, Theories of rational choice, Theories of mass consumption, Theories of globalization and cultural imperialism, Critical evaluation, Conclusion



Akinfeleye, R. A. 2005. Mass Media and Society: A Multi-Perspective Approach. Lagos: Integrity Press.

Cristobd A., Landregan, J., Navia, P. and Vial, J. 2006. Political Institutions, Policy making Processes and Policy Outcomes in Chile. Washington: New Inter-American Development Bank.

Daramola, I. 2005. Mass Media and Society. Lagos: Rothan Press

O’shaughnessy, Michael, and Jane Stadler.2012. Media and society. Oxford University Press.

Rafiu, G.2003. Mass Media and Society: Issues and Perspective. Abeokuta: Meek Associate.

Rodman, G. 2006. Mass Media in a Changing World. New York: McGraw Hill.

Watson, J. 2003. Media Communication: An Introduction to Theory and Process. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.



SOC- 614        Environmental Sociology


Course Description:  This course is design to study human and environmental relationships. It will discuss the human behavior towards the natural environment and how society make social environment pleasant for its member. This will focus on the human behavior towards the solid waste management, segregation, disposal and recycling. The course will also emphasize on the state policies towards the carbon emission, forestation and people perception towards the deforestation. It will also discuss the new technological development related to promote sustainable environment. Theoretical and methodological debates of environmental sociology will also be part of the course.


Course Content: Introduction, history, Human and environment, social ecology and natural ecology, Human behavior towards environment,  Environmental problems, Solid waste management, segregation, disposal and recycling, Eco-sabotage, Acid rain, Greenhouse effect, Fossil fuels and global warming, Energy shortage and multinational corporations, Environmental injustice, sustainable environment, People behavior towards forestation and deforestation, environmental degradation, water wastage, sanitation, Religion and ecology, State and government of carbon emission, climate change, Theoretical interpretation of environmental sociology, Evolutionary theories, Multilinear theories, Cyclical, Environmental degradation theories: risk society, Sustainable development and social development, Environmental conservation, Environmental conservation in the industrialized world, Third world, Socialist societies and environment, Environmental movement, Technology and the environment: The goal of harmony, Theories of environmental sociology, critical analysis, A case study of Pakistan and its relation with the developing and developed world, Conclusion



Barbosa, Luiz C.2009. “Theories in environmental sociology.” Twenty lessons in environmental sociology. 28.

Bell, Michael Mayerfeld, and Loka L. Ashwood. 2015. An invitation to environmental sociology. Sage Publications.

Brown, Janet W., Pamela S. Chasek, and Gareth Porter. 2000. Global Environmental Politics.

Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Gottlieb, Robert. 2005. Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Hannigan, John., 2014. Environmental Sociology Ed 2. Routledge.

Humphrey, Craig R., Frederick H. Buttel, and Tammy L. Lewis. 2005. Environment, energy, and society: A new synthesis. Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Lomborg, Bjorn. 2001. The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Murphy, Raymond. 1994. Rationality and Nature: A Sociological Inquiry into a Changing Relationship. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Redclift, Michael R., and Graham Woodgate, eds.2010. The international handbook of environmental sociology. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Reusswig, Fritz.2010. The new climate change discourse: A challenge for environmental sociology. Springer Netherlands.

White, Robert, ed. 2004.Controversies in environmental sociology. Cambridge University Press.



SOC- 615       Social Stratification and Justice System

Course Description: This course is design to understand and comprehend the social justice system, nature, dynamic, philosophy and functions. The purpose of the course is to sanitize students regarding the systems of oppression, aggressions, retribution and their comparison with social justice. The participants will be able to compare different social justice system in the world and how they are contributing to the peace and hormone in the respective societies. This course will highlight major sources and practices of the jurisprudence. Further, it will focus on the social, linguistic, ethnic, cultural and religious stratification. It will shed light on the caste, class stratification in Pakistan and in the world. The course will discuss theories of social stratification.


Part-A: Social Stratification Definition of inequality and social stratification, Theories of social stratification, Contributing factors of social stratification, Caste, Class, Apartheid, Social, cultural, linguistic stratification, Religious stratification, Gender and ethnic stratification, Class and caste stratification, Racist and ethnic stratification, Political and economic stratification, Global Stratification, Social movements and inequality, Social Stratification in Pakistan


Part-B: Social Justice System Poverty and social justice, Poverty definition and types, Relative poverty, Absolute, Poverty and deprivation, Robert Chamber’s vicious cycle of poverty, Poverty line, Measures of poverty, GDP, GNP, Per capita income, Purchasing power parity, Human development index, Protest, violence and forms of violence, Oppressions: Racism, Sexism, Disability, Religious Persecution, Aristocratic, democratic and welfare states and social system, Colonization, globalization and welfare system, Relationship among social institutions and social inequality and common consciousness as a transformative tool, Social justice theories and their implications for the research processes, methodological approaches and their resulting forms of knowledge, civil rights movement for social justice, Circulation of knowledge about social justice and its manifestation in the public consciousness and public policy, Jurisprudence: practices, sources in different religions, regions and systems, Theories of social stratification and social justice system, Critical analysis, Conclusion



Almgren, G. R. 2012. Health Care Politics, Policy and Services: a social justice analysis, Springer Publishing Company.

Banks, James A. 2004. Teaching for social justice, diversity, and citizenship in a global world. The educational forum, 68(4): 289-298.

Bell, Lee Anne. 2007. Theoretical foundations for social justice education. Current Issues in Comparative Education. 15(2):63-83.

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn.2004. Walking the road: Race, diversity, and social justice in teacher education. Teachers College Press.

Cotterrell, Roger BM. 1989. The politics of jurisprudence: A critical introduction to legal philosophy. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Faulks, Keith. 2000. Political sociology: a critical introduction. New York: New York University Press.

Foster, Lorne. 2011. Writing Justice: Voicing Issues in the Third Media. Toronto: Multicultural History Society, University of Toronto.

Macionis, John J., Cecilia Benoit, and Mikael Jansson. 2000. Society: the basics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall


SOC- 616        Penology and Re-socialization


Course Description: First component of this course is design to understand the penal philosophy, process, procedures and penal institutions. Further, it is designed to understand the theoretical approaches towards the penal practices. Second component of the course is to understand the utilitarian model of Jeremy Bentham. This course will enlighten the students towards the correctional and rehabilitation strategies, methodologies and theories.


Course Content: Penology, Definition and approaches, origin, history, Sociology of prison, Norms, values, mores and prison, Deviance and social control, Jeremy Bentham and utilitarian model,  Bentham and utilitarian model, Bentham and prison, Treatment rather than prison, Penal institutions, Police , Judiciary, Prison, Prison model in different countries, UK prison system, German prison system, Russian prison system, Polish prison system, Pakistani prison system, Religion and prison, Judaism and prison, Christianity and prison, Islamic model of prison, Rehabilitation, Probation and parole system, Religion and rehabilitation, Theories of punishment and prison, Theory of retribution, Theory of victimization, Theory of correction, Theories of rehabilitation, Theories of re-socialization, Critical analysis, Conclusion



Hazelrigg, Lawrence E., ed.1968. Prison within society: a reader in penology. Doubleday.

Hoffman, Morris B., and Timothy H. Goldsmith. 2003. Biological Roots of Punishment, The.” Ohio St. J. Crim. L. 1: 627.

Kohn, Alfie. 1999. Punished by rewards: The trouble with gold stars, incentive plans, A’s, praise, and other bribes. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Rychlak, Ronald J. 1990. Society’s Moral Right to Punish: A Further Exploration of the Denunciation Theory of Punishment. Tul. L. Rev. 65: 299.

South, Nigel, and Robert P. Weiss. 2014. Comparing Prison Systems. Routledge.

Tella, María José Falcón, and Fernando Falcón y Tella. 2006. Punishment and culture: a right to punish?. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Van Zyl Smit, Dirk, and Sonja Snacken. 2006. Principles of European prison law and policy: penology and human rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.




SOC- 617 Criminology


Course Description: This course gives the student in-depth insight into the major domains of the criminology with in a social perspective. It provides with the basic understating regarding the theoretical as well as practical knowledge about the sociological aspects of the criminology and deviance in the modern day world. It will focus on the policing, investigation, penal institutions (police, court, prison). It will empower students towards the theoretical debates of classical and contemporary sociology.


Course Content: The Criminological Imagination, Introduction, Histories of crime, Researching, rime, Policing, Judging and prison, Probation and parole, Thinking about crime, Enlightenment and early traditions, Early sociologies of crime, Radicalizing traditions, Marxism, feminism, Foucault and Crime, Social theory and social change, Crime, place and space, Theory of anomie, Theory of social control, White collar crime, Doing Crime, Victims and, victimization, Crime and Property, Crime, sexuality and gender, Crime, emotion and social psychology, Organizational and professional forms of crime, Organized crime, Unorganized crime, Controlling Crime, Drugs, Alcohol, Health and crime, Thinking about Punishment, The criminal justice process, Police and policing, Prisons and Imprisonment, Globalizing Crime, Green Criminology, Crime and media, Terrorism, State crime and human rights, Futures of crime and criminology, Theories of crimes, theories of punishment, theories of rehabilitation.



Carrabine, Eamonn, Pamela Cox , Maggy Lee, Nigel South, Ken Plummer, and  Jackie Turton. 2009. Criminology: A Sociological Introduction. Oxon: Routledge.

Maguire, Mike, Rod Morgan, and Robert Reiner.2012. The Oxford handbook of criminology. Oxford University Press,

Siegel, Larry J. 2010. Criminology: Theories Patterns, and Typologies. Belmont: Wadsworth.

Taylor, Ian, Paul Walton, and Jock Young, eds. 2013. Critical Criminology (Routledge Revivals). Routledge.

Taylor, Ian, Paul Walton, and Jock Young. 2013. The New Criminology:: For a Social Theory of Deviance. Routledge.


SOC- 618        Governance and Public Policy

Course Description: Students will learn how to be effective participants in public policymaking, as policy analysts, administrators, and advocates, by gaining tools to help them assess a political environment, recognize the unique challenges that it imposes, and explore what motivates and constrains the various actors in it. This course will help to understand the policy issues, challenges and politics, models of policy development, analysis, and theories of public policy.


Course Content: Introduction to public policy, Key concepts in public policy process, Political policy mapping, Social policy mapping, Expert and policy making, Politician and policy making, Bureaucratic policy, Governance and public policy, Good governance, Self-governance, Local Governance and devolution, E-Governance, Theoretical frameworks, Theory of public health policy, Theory of structural health care, Land theories, Sustainability theory, Public policy theory, Political theory, Public Bureaucracy theory and practice, Purpose of public policies, Fundamentals of public policy, Societal values and public policy, Public Policy in “Traditional Societies, Policy Formation: the institutions and process of political governance, Administrative Governance, Administration, Administration and bureaucratic structure, The challenge of policy implementation, The Role and influence of non-state actors in policy making and administrative governance, Gender, children and family policy, Human rights and public policy, Environment and public policy, Ethics in Administrative Governance, The challenge of ensuring democratic accountability in public administration, Policy framing, Politics and policy framing, Social diversity and question of “difference” in policy making and administrative Governance, paradigms of Governance, Developing a strategy for social movement protest, Models of public policy, USA Model, Swiss Model, UK Model, German Model, Unconventional tactics in Brazil, Case of Pakistan: Dominance of “Traditional Model”, Theories of Governance and Public Policy, Critical thinking, Conclusion



Bertalanffy Ludwig Von. 1973. General Systems Theory. New York: George Braziller.

Burgruen Nicolas and Gardels Nathan. 2013. Intelligent Governance for the 21st Century. Cambridge, UK: Policy Press.

Miljan Lydia. 2008. Public Policy in Canada: An Introduction, 5th Ed. Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press.

O’Toole Laurence J. and Kenneth J. 2011. Public Management: Organization, Goverance, and Performance. New Delhi, India: Cambridge University Press.

Sapru R.K.201. Public Policy: Art and Craft of Public Policy Analysis, 2nd Ed. New Delhi: PHI Private Learning Limited.

Siegel Richard L. and Weinberg Leonard B. 1977. Comparing Public Policy: United States, Soviet Union and Europe. Georgetown, Ontario: The Dorsey Press.


SOC- 619        Political Sociology


Course Description: Political sociology course will shed light on the political behavior of individuals, groups, political parties and societies at large. It will discuss democratic transitions, transformation and political change. It will explore social dimensions: class, caste, social movements and political and interests groups. It will discuss the authority, power and political system of the society. Focus will be on the political phenomenon, modern nation state, governance and people’s behavior to governance. Theories of politics, democracy, governance, citizenship will also be part of the debate.


Course Content: Introduction, Origin, history, Individual, groups, society and political behavior, Development of the political institution, Chiefdom, Tribalism, Kingdom, Aristocracy, Democracy, Origin, History and Process of Democratization, Direct and indirect democracy, Authority, power, Political Participation, Political parties, Philosophy, basis, composition, Motives and mechanism to follow the political interests, Political parties, Japan, UK, USA, EU, Pakistan, Science, technology and political behavior, Social network and elite behavior, Rational and political choice, Globalization of politics, Theories and methodologies of political sociology, Aristotle, Plato, Machiavelli, Karl Marx, Max Webber, Charles Wright Mills, Pierre Bourdieu, Politics, social and natural ecology, Politics in the first, second and third world, Social and Cultural Political Context, Public Opinion and ideology, Elite Analysis, Macrosociology and Political Change, Race, Stratification and Political process, Integration and disintegration, Critical Analysis



Baer, Douglas, 2002. Political Sociology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cotterrell, Roger BM. 1989. The politics of jurisprudence: A critical introduction to legal philosophy. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Faulks, Keith. 2000. Political Sociology: A Critical Introduction, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Gellner, Ernest. 1997. Nationalism. New York: New York University Press

Nash, Kate. 2010. Contemporary Political Sociology, Cambridge: Blackwell.

Nash, Kate. 2000. Readings in Contemporary Political Sociology, Cambridge: Blackwell.

McAuley, James. 2003. An Introduction to Politics: State and Society, London: Sage.

Orum, Anthony. 2001. Introduction to Political Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Scott, John. 2001. Power. Cambridge: Polity.



SOC- 620        Project Development and Evaluation

Course Description: Project development and evaluation represent a set of core skills and competencies required for all people who wish to work as professional in the field of sociology. In that context, this course is designed to help students develop those skills which are necessary for professional practice with an emphasis on grant proposal writing, evaluation plan development, and professional presentations. Theory around the nature of participation, the mechanics of social change, and the measurement of change will be discussed to provide context for and strengthen the application of the practical skills that form the core of the course. Monitoring and evaluation component will also be an important part of the course.


Course Content: Introduction, System designs, Single system design, Double system design, Multi-system design, Brain storming and project design, SMART analysis, SWORT analysis, Community and social development projects designing, Rapid Appraisals (RAs), Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA), Participatory policy, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), Surveys and public policy design, Getting oriented to project writing and the age of scarcity, Designing issues for developing a project, Project development and human rights, Project development and environment, Project and sustainable development, Finding foundation and Government funding sources, State resources, Federal funding, Provincial funding, District/ Municipal Government funding, International resources, UN, INGOs, NGOs, Corporate sector, Evidence-based programs, Implementation planning, Project evaluation, Project/ program evaluation, Social outcomes, Economic/ financial outcomes, Welfare, Political outcomes, Success and failure analysis, Project time, Documentation: summative, formative and quarterly reports, Project evaluation, Implement fidelity and process evaluation, Preparing and analyzing data, qualitative evaluation and report writing, Performance measurement, Report writing and Use of evaluation, monitoring and evaluation, Theoretical interpretation, Critical Analysis, Conclusion



In Thyer, B.2013. The Handbook of Social Work Research.  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publications.

McDavid, J. and Hawthorn, L. 2006. Program evaluation and performance measurement.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Newcomer, K.  2004. Using statistics in evaluation.  In Wholey, J., Hatry, H., & Newcomer, K. (Eds.) Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Voss, Jan-Peter, and Dierk Bauknecht. 2006. Reflexive governance for sustainable development. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Weiss, H. & Little, P.  2003.  Why, when and how to use evaluation:  Experts speak out.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project.


SOC- 621        Sociology of Corporate Social Responsibility


Course Description: This course is developed to identify the corporate sector which promotes the welfare of society. It will also shed light on social/ civic engagement of a common person, organization and society to look after the common integration and social cohesion. It will discuss natural resources, pollution controls, monitoring ethical supply chains, and social welfare of the community and society at large. This course will also enlighten the role of the philanthropy and participatory approach of sustainable development. Theoretical debate will also be part of the course.


Course Content: What is corporate social responsibility (CSR)? CSR and shared values, Integration of social and corporate values, CSR and economic vales, CSR and UN conventions, Theories and interstation of the corporate social responsibility, Moral responsibility, Economic/ financial responsibility, Environmental responsibility, Political responsibility, Profit organization, NGOs and CSR, Profit making philosophy, Profit making and CSR, NGOs pressure on business, NGOs and civil society work and CSR, Charity, Responsibility and charity,  Responsibility and religion, Charity, responsibility and religion, Individual, society and CSR, Civic responsibility, Education, Health, Civic engagement and disable services, Sports,  Recreation, Media and CSR, Welfare and corporate responsibility, Infrastructure building,  BOTs, Small contributions, Large contribution, Government partnerships and influencers of corporations, Environment and society, Education, health, poverty and CSR, Public, private partnership and CSR, Globalization and CSR, Theories of CSR, CSR: A case of Pakistan



Crane, Andrew, Dirk Matten, and Laura J. Spence. 2008. Corporate social responsibility: Readings and cases in a global context. New York: Routledge.

Crowther, David, and Güler Aras. 2008. Corporate social responsibility. Bookboon.

Portney, Paul R. 2005. Corporate Social Responsibility.” Environmental Protection and the Social Responsibility of Firms—Perspectives from Law, Economics, and Business.

Vogel, David. 2006. The market for virtue: The potential and limits of corporate social responsibility. Brookings Institution Press.

Yakovleva, Natalia. 2005. Corporate social responsibility in the mining industries. Aldershot Burlington: Ashgate.



SOC- 622        Social History

Course Description: This course is design to know the past experiences of the human history and give an orientation to the students to develop perspectives based on the history. It will give a brief description of the historiography, process and procedures. It included the history of common person, nobles, monarchs and emperor. Further, it will shed light on the development of the sociology of the history in Pakistan. Theories of history will also be part of this course.


Course Content: Social history, scope and range, Dimension of social history, Nature, Nurture and history, People, religion and history, Integration, cohesion and social history, Historiography, Perspectives, Paradigms, History of common man, culture, institutions in the region, Global history and common man, Individuals, nobles, monarchs and emperors and reflections of the sociological imagination, Theories of history Social history of Pakistan



Goldstone, Jack A. 2003. Comparative historical analysis and knowledge accumulation in the study of revolutions. Comparative historical analysis in the social sciences, 41-90.

Mahoney, James, and Dietrich Rueschemeyer.2003. Comparative historical analysis. Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Science,  3-38.

Mahoney, James. 2003. Strategies of causal assessment in comparative historical analysis.” Comparative historical analysis in the social sciences, 337-72.

Pierson, Paul. 2004. Politics in time: History, institutions, and social analysis. Princeton University Press.

Watson, Adam. 2009. The Evolution of International Society: A Comparative Historical Analysis Reissue with a new introduction by Barry Buzan and Richard Little. Routledge.

SOC- 623        Medical Sociology and Public Health

Course Description: The course aims to solve health-related problems within the financial, socio-cultural, environmental and political framework of Pakistan and its surrounding region. Moreover, it will help initiate, plan, manage, monitor and evaluate interventions in the field of public health. Disease prevention, rather than cure is focus of this course. It will also enlighten about the theories of public health.


Course Content:  Introduction to health management, Infectious disease epidemiology and prevention, Dieses prevention, Public health place, Parks, Sports, Public health cure, Hospitals, Medication, Dispensaries in rural areas, Doctor and patient interaction, Sick role,  Public Health Nutrition, Food safety and security, Healthy food, Injury and Public Health, First aid,  Ambulance services, Emergency services, High technology medicine,  Health Promotion,  Public Health Law: Promoting Healthy Youth Development, Indigenous healing, Spiritual healings, Cost and benefit analysis of health and hygiene, GIS and Spatial Analysis for Public Health, Maternal Child Health, Theories of public health, critical thinking, public health: A case of Pakistan and its comparison with developing and developed world, Critical Analysis, Conclusion


Bird, Chloe E., Peter Conrad, Allen M. Fremont, and Stefan Timmermans.2010. Handbook of

medical sociology. Vanderbilt University Press.

Cockerham, William C. 2014. Medical sociology. John Wiley & Sons.

Moon, Graham, 1995. Society and Health. An Introduction to Social Science for Health

Professional. London: Routledge.

Shah, Ilyas.1998. Community Medicine. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

Bauggartner, Teda.1994. Conducting and reading research in health and human performance.

England, Brow and Benchmarn Publishers.

Thomas, Carol. 2007. Sociologies of disability and illness: Contested ideas in disability studies and medical sociology. Palgrave Macmillan.



SOC- 624        Socio-Economic and Environmental Impact Assessment

Course Description: Government projects are subjective to get approval from the socio-economic and environmental experts. World Bank and development agencies always stress on the need to have an extensive socio-environmental assessment. This course will train to the students of sociology to understand the community needs and how these communities will be affected from the development projects. Sustainable development goals will not be achieved without the socio-economic and environmental impact assessment. This course will shed light on the theoretical and methodological perspectives.


Course Content: Introduction, Nature, purpose, Historical Background of EIA, Origin, Development, EIA LOG Frame, EIA: Methods and Procedures, Managing, Mapping, Project screening, Scoping of project, Project auditing, Tools and techniques for data collection, Socio- Metrix, Economic cost and benefit analysis, Environmental Indexing, Tools and techniques for data analysis, International concerns in EIA, Filed intervention and challenges, Impact Predictions, Decision choices, Evaluation, Mitigation and Enhancement, EIA Monitoring and Evaluation, Continues monitoring, Formative monitoring, Evaluative Monitoring, Documentation and report writing, Validity and reliability of EIA, Challenges and issues of EIA, Theoretical Perspectives of EIA, National policy perspective, Wildlife perspective, Natural disaster perspective, Climate change perspective, Sustainable development perspective, Case studies of EIA of Pakistan: Ghazi Brotha Dam, Mangla Dam, Motorways, Case studies of developed and developing countries, Future of EIA and Sustainable Development Goals, Theories of socio-economic and environmental impact assessment, Critical Analysis, Conclusion



Brookes, Graham, and Peter Barfoo.2006.. GM crops: the first ten years-global socio-economic

and environmental impacts. PG Economics Limited.

Glasson, John, Riki Therivel, and Andrew Chadwick. 2013. Introduction to environmental

impact assessment. Routledge.

Metz, Bert. 2001. Climate change 2001: mitigation: contribution of Working Group III to the

third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press.

Morris, Peter, and Riki Therivel.2001. Methods of environmental impact assessment. Vol. 2.

Taylor & Francis.

Smith, Keith. 2013. Environmental hazards: assessing risk and reducing disaster. Routledge.